Fossils and Paleoclimates

Ice and snow

The physical features of a fossil, the way it is preserved, its chemistry, its relative abundance and distribution can all reveal information about the environmental conditions when it was alive. This, combined with other geological observations (such as type of sediments, geological structures, geochemistry etc) helps scientists reconstruct past climates (paleoclimates), and understand the Earth’s climate system.

GNS Science researchers are involved with major paleoclimate research programmes in New Zealand, Antarctica and the Pacific Region.

GNS Science also runs a comprehensive research programme called Global Change through Time

ship boat

Find out about the ANDRILL geological drilling programme in Antarctica here.

Some of our scientists go on expeditions at sea to drill the ocean floor on the drill ship JOIDES Resolution.

Have a look around the ship in this video, or find out all about ocean drilling from Chris Hollis here.