Staff profiles

Geoff KilgourVolcanologist

Kilgour Geoff 3139



Contact me


  • BSc, Earth Sciences
  • MSc, Earth Sciences
  • PhD

Areas of expertise

  • Geology: Stratigraphy
  • Geology: Petrology
  • Geology: Geological mapping
  • Geology: Petrography
  • Geology: Volcanology
  • Geology: Geochemistry
  • Geology: Field mapping
  • Geology: Geothermal
  • Geology: Experimental Petrology
  • Geology: Fluid inclusion studies
  • Geology: Igneous Petrology
  • Geology: Melt inclusions

Major Publications

See all publications

  • Matoza, R.S.; Chouet, B.A.; Jolly, A.D.; Dawson, P.B.; Fitzgerald, R.H.; Kennedy, B.M.; Fee, D.; Iezzi, A.M.; Kilgour, G.N.; Garaebiti, E.; Cevuard, S. 2022. High-rate very-long-period seismicity at Yasur volcano, Vanuatu : source mechanism and decoupling from surficial explosions and infrasound, Geophysical Journal International 230(1): p. 392-426. DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggab533.
  • Rowe, M.C.; Carey, R.J.; White, J.D.L.; Kilgour, G.N.; Hughes, E.C.; Ellis, B.; Rosseel, J.-B.; Segovia, A. 2021. Tarawera 1886 : an integrated review of volcanological and geochemical characteristics of a complex basaltic eruption, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 64(2/3): p. 296-319. DOI: 10.1080/00288306.2021.1914118.
  • Caudron, C.; Girona, T.; Jolly, A.D.; Christenson, B.W.; Savage, M.K.; Carniel, R.; Lecocq, T.; Kennedy, B.; Lokmer, I.; Yates, A.; Hamling, I.J.; Park, I.; Kilgour, G.N.; Mazot, A. 2021. A quest for unrest in multiparameter observations at Whakaari/White Island volcano, New Zealand 2007–2018, Earth, Planets and Space 73(1): article 195. DOI: 10.1186/s40623-021-01506-0.
  • Metcalfe, A.; Mourne, S.; Komorowski, J.-C.; Kilgour, G.N.; Jessop, D.E.; Moretti, R.; Legnedre, Y. 2021. Magmatic processes at La Soufrière de Guadeloupe: insights from crystal studies and diffusion timescales for eruption onset, Frontiers in Earth Science 9: article 617294. DOI: 10.3389/feart.2021.617294.
  • Kilgour, G.N.; Kennedy, B.; Scott, B.J.; Christenson, B.W.; Jolly, A.D.; Asher, C.; Rosenberg, M.D.; Saunders, K. 2021. Whakaari/White Island: a review of New Zealand's most active volcano, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 64(2/3): p. 273-295. DOI: 10.1080/00288306.2021.1918186.
  • Kilgour, G.N.; Moune, S.; Christenson, B.W.; Della-Pasqua, F. 2021. Insights into the 1976–2000 eruption episode of Whakaari/White Island, New Zealand: an eruption fuelled by repeated mafic recharge, Bulletin of Volcanology 83(6): article 40. DOI: 10.1007/s00445-021-01460-5.
  • Law, S.; Bromiley, G.D.; Kilgour, G.N.; Fitton, J.G. 2021. Tracing mantle source variation through xenocrystic olivine in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand : a role for lithospheric mantle in the shift from andesitic to rhyolitic compositions, Lithos 394-395: article 106185. DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2021.106185.
  • Hamling, I.J.; Kilgour, G.N. 2021. Comment on the paper titled “Harvey, M., 2021. Sentinel-1 InSAR captures 2019 catastrophic White Island eruption. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 411,”, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 420: article 107234. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2021.107234.
  • Massiot, C.; Milicich, S.D.; Miller, C.A.; Bertrand, E.A.; Caratori Tontini, F.; Kilgour, G.N.; Bignall, G.; Villamor, P. 2021. Scientific drilling in the Taupo Volcanic Zone? Exploring intense volcanic and geothermal processes in a rapidly rifting arc, Proceedings, World Geothermal Congress 2020+1, April-October 2021 : 13 p..
  • Park, I.; Jolly, A.D.; Matoza, R.; Kennedy, B.; Kilgour, G.N.; Johnson, R.; Garaebiti, E.; Cevuard, S. 2021. Seismo-acoustic characterisation of the 2018 Ambae (Manaro Voui) eruption, Vanuatu, Bulletin of Volcanology 83(9): article 60. DOI: 10.1007/s00445-021-01474-z.
  • Arens, F.; Gottsmann, J.; Strehlow, K.; Hickey, J.; Kilgour, G.N. 2020. Electrokinetic contributions to self-potential signals from magmatic stressing, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 21(12): e2020GC009388. DOI: 10.1029/2020GC009388.
  • Hughes, E.C.; Buse, B.; Kearns, S.L.; Brooker, R.A.; Di Genova, D.; Kilgour, G.N.; Mader, H.M.; Blundy, J.D. 2020. The microanalysis of iron and sulphur oxidation states in silicate glass : understanding the effects of beam damage, IOP Conference Series. Materials Science and Engineering 891(5): article 012014. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/891/1/012014.
  • Lormand, C.; Zellmer, G.F.; Kilgour, G.N.; Németh, K.; Palmer, A.S.; Sakamoto, N.; Yurimoto, H.; Kuritani, T.; Iizuka, Y.; Moebis, A. 2020. Slow ascent of unusually hot intermediate magmas triggering Strombolian to Plinian eruptions, Journal of Petrology 61(10): article egaa0077. DOI: 10.1093/petrology/egaa077.
  • Hamling, I.J.; Kilgour, G.N. 2020. Goldilocks conditions required for earthquakes to trigger basaltic eruptions : evidence from the 2015 Ambrym eruption, Science Advances 6(14): eaaz5261. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaz5261.
  • Massiot, C.; Marr, T.; Adam, L.; Cronin, S.J.; Bertrand, E.A.; Caratori Tontini, F.; Kilgour, G.N.; Milicich, S.D.; Miller, C.A.; Nichols, A.; Stott, M.B.; Ventura, G.; Villamor, P.; White, P.A. 2020. Rationale for the scientific drilling project "INTERACTION" : INTeraction between lifE, Rifting And Caldera Tectonics In OkataiNa, Proceedings 42nd New Zealand Geothermal Workshop, 24-26 November 2020, Waitangi, New Zealand : paper 63.
  • Kennedy, B.M.; Farquhar, A.; Hilderman, R.; Villeneuve, M.C.; Heap, M.J.; Mordensky, S.; Kilgour, G.N.; Jolly, A.D.; Christenson, B.W.; Reuschlé, T. 2020. Pressure controlled permeability in a conduit filled with fractured hydrothermal breccia reconstructed from ballistics from Whakaari (White Island), New Zealand, Geosciences (Basel, Switzerland) 10(4): article 138. DOI: 10.3390/geosciences10040138.
  • Kilgour, G.N.; Gates, S.; Kennedy, B.M.; Farquhar, A.; McSporran, A.; Asher, C. 2019. Phreatic eruption dynamics derived from deposit analysis : a case study from a small, phreatic eruption from Whakaari/White Island, New Zealand, Earth, Planets and Space 71: Article 36. DOI: 10.1186/s40623-019-1008-8.
  • Hughes, E.C.; Buse, B.; Kearns, S.L.; Blundy, J.D.; Kilgour, G.N.; Mader, H.M. 2019. Low analytical totals in EPMA of hydrous silicate glass due to sub-surface charging : obtaining accurate volatiles by difference, Chemical Geology 505: p. 48-56. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.11.015.
  • Hughes, E.C.; Mazot, A.; Kilgour, G.N.; Asher, C.; Michelini, M.; Britten, K.; Chardot, L.; Feisel, Y.; Werner, C. 2019. Understanding degassing pathways along the 1886 Tarawera (New Zealand) volcanic fissure by combining soil and lake CO2 fluxes, Frontiers in Earth Science 7: article 264. DOI: 10.3389/feart.2019.00264.
  • Lormand, C.; Zellmer, G.F.; Nemeth, K.; Kilgour, G.N.; Mead, S.; Palmer, A.S.; Sakamoto, N.; Yurimoto, H.; Moebis, A. 2018. Weka trainable segmentation plugin in ImageJ : a semi-automatic tool applied to crystal size distributions of microlites in volcanic rocks, Microscopy and Microanalysis 24(6): p. 667-675. DOI: 10.1017/S1431927618015428.
  • Hurst, A.W.; Kilgour, G.N.; Hamling, I.J. 2018. Magmatic triggering of earthquakes on distal faults as a potential medium-term warning signal from Ruapehu volcano, Geophysical Research Letters 45(23): p. 12,776-12,783. DOI: 10.1029/2018GL080677.
  • Hughes, E.C.; Buse, B.; Kearns, S.L.; Blundy, J.D.; Kilgour, G.N.; Mader, H.M.; Brooker, R.A.; Balzer, R.; Botcharnikov, R.E.; Di Genova, D.; Almeev, R.R.; Riker, J.M. 2018. High spatial resolution analysis of the iron oxidation state in silicate glasses using the electron probe, American Mineralogist 103(9): p. 1473-1486. DOI: 10.2138/am-2018-6546CCBY.
  • Schipper, C.I.; Mandon, C.; Maksimenko, A.; Castro, J.M.; Conway, C.E.; Hauer, P.; Kirilova, M.; Kilgour, G.N. 2017. Vapor-phase cristobalite as a durable indicator of magmatic pore structure and halogen degassing: an example from White Island volcano (New Zealand), Bulletin of Volcanology 79: article 74. DOI: 10.1007/s00445-017-1157-1.
  • Strehlow, K.; Sandri, L.; Gottsmann, J.H.; Kilgour, G.N.; Rust, A.C.; Tonini, R. 2017. Phreatic eruptions at crater lakes: occurrence statistics and probabilistic hazard forecast, Journal of applied volcanology 6(4): 21 p.. DOI: 10.1186/s13617-016-0053-2.


By continuing with this download you agree to abide by the rules laid out in the Terms and conditions/Terms of use listed on this page.

If there are no specific Terms and conditions/Terms of use listed then please refer to our Copyright and Disclaimer page and Privacy Policy page