GNS Science has a proud tradition of scientific excellence and internationally recognised research. Leading the way are our principal scientists who have substantial and enduring reputations in their fields. They demonstrate high productivity and outstanding achievement in science innovation and original thinking. They are recognised by their peers and by non-research entities as pre-eminent. Our principal scientists attract valuable collaborations and business opportunities and represent New Zealand with distinction on the international stage.
Stephen is a seismologist with a research focus on imaging Earth’s structure using seismic waves from earthquakes. His work has included investigations of the Alpine Fault, and the deep structure beneath Transantarctic Mountains, and the Terror rift in Antarctica. Currently he is investigating the deep heat source beneath New Zealand’s geothermal fields, and characterising the seismic signature of earthquakes and tremor associated with the Hikurangi subduction megathrust. He currently leads the GNS Science research programme on Understanding Earthquakes and Tsunami under the New Zealand Natural Hazards Research platform, and is an editor of Earth Planets and Space.
Rafael is a geophysicist who specialises in numerical modelling of seismic wave propagation and earthquake fault ruptures. One of his main projects is to combine numerical techniques and observed earthquake data to predict strong ground motion in the Wellington metropolitan region in the event of a large earthquake on the Wellington Fault. Rafael's work on different subjects of wave propagation has led to numerous collaborations with international colleagues. In 1998 he won a Japanese Fellowship for the Promotion of Science, and in 2003 he worked as a consultant in the Bullard Laboratory, University of Cambridge, England. In 2005 he was an invited speaker at the Department of Geophysics of Beijing University, China, and in 2008 at the Earthquake Research Institute, Tokyo University, Japan.
Kelvin is a geologist by training specialising in the geology of earthquakes, tsunami, the Alpine Fault and the Hikurangi subduction margin. He often interacts with engineers, planners, and policy makers on the design of new structures, seismic safety assessment of infrastructure and disaster risk management. His research and applied science has been undertaken throughout New Zealand and extensively around the Pacific. He is currently the Director of the Natural Hazards Research Platform, and in this role was one of the principal spokespersons during the Canterbury earthquake sequence. His Platform role includes funding natural hazards research around New Zealand for national benefit, and facilitating the uptake of research results in planning and policy among stakeholders spanning the central and local government sector, infrastructure agencies, business, and community. He currently serves as NZ representative on the Governing Board of the GEM (global earthquake model) Foundation, is an associate editor of the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, an elected Fellow of the NZ National Society for Earthquake Engineering, and has received the two principal awards of the NZ Geosciences Society. In 2012 he received a Queens Service Order for services to science and Canterbury earthquake recovery.
Alan is a paleontologist who studies fossil shells, or molluscs, of New Zealand’s Cenozoic marine rocks (deposited during the last 65 million years), to provide information on climate change, on depositional environments of rocks, on the history of the present fauna, on the record of organic evolution, and on the contribution of New Zealand fossils to evolutionary theory. His particular focus is on young fossils (last 5 million years), on fossil scallops, and on a worldwide group of gastropods. His international recognition has led to five visiting professorships at the French National Museum of Natural History in Paris. Alan is also a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand and is a recipient of the Mckay Hammer award of the Geoscience Society of New Zealand.
Greg is a sedimentologist with special interests in process sedimentology, sequence stratigraphy and reservoir characterisation of both deep-water and non-marine successions. His work has included a range of research and applied projects throughout Zealandia, particularly in Taranaki and Canterbury basins, but also in Canada, Australia, South Korea and Antarctica. He has held various research leadership roles at GNS Science including his current position as the petroleum basin research programme leader, and as a former Head of Department. Greg is an Adjunct Professor at the University of Canterbury and an Honorary Research Associate at Victoria University of Wellington.
Simon is a structural geologist with professional expertise in the fields of geological mapping, tectonics, GIS modelling, fluid-flow and mineralisation, but is perhaps more-widely known as a 'non-specialist' geoscientist. The geological mapping of the Southern Alps and southern Victoria Land, Antarctica, are among his most significant contributions. Simon currently runs projects looking at hydrological effects of Canterbury earthquakes and the potential exacerbation of liquefaction through release of groundwater pressure from beneath Christchurch. Based in the Dunedin office, he runs an Earthquake Hydrology Marsden Project, is an Associate Investigator on the Deep Alpine Fault Drilling, and continues making geological maps of Antarctica. Simon is widely recognised as a public speaker and communicator of science, maintains close ties with local iwi/māori, supervises research students, and is a recipient of the McKay Hammer Award from the New Zealand Geoscience Society.
James is a paleontologist with expertise in the quantitative analysis of paleontological data for both applied and blue skies research. Recent paleobiological research has focussed on New Zealand's wonderful fossil record of Cenozoic shellfish, the factors that control real and apparent biodiversity through time, and the attributes that enable species to persist for millions of years. James has also worked extensively in the areas of high resolution quantitative biostratigraphic correlation, geological time scale development, the numerical description of biological form, and the Cretaceous stratigraphy and biostratigraphy of New Zealand. He is currently collaborating with several overseas scientists on a range of projects, is a member of several international advisory and editorial boards, and is a recipient of the McKay Hammer Award from the Geological Society of New Zealand.
Cornel de Ronde
Since 1997 Cornel, a geologist, has led a sustained GNS Science programme to discover and understand submarine volcanism and hydrothermal venting along the Kermadec section of the Pacific Ring of Fire northeast of New Zealand. This frontier research includes exploring active submarine volcanoes and their seafloor hot springs using surface ships, remotely operated vehicles, autonomous underwater vehicles, and manned submersibles. Cornel has successfully brought together diverse groups of highly skilled specialists from many organisations and numerous countries to study the 2500km stretch of volcanic arc between New Zealand and Samoa. He is internationally recognised for this work and is in high demand as a speaker at a wide variety of forums from scientific conferences to special interest groups and schools. He is President-elect of the International Marine Minerals Society.
Susan specialises in geodynamic modelling of crustal deformation, from short (human) to long (millions of years) timescales. Her work has involved development of innovative numerical methods to investigate the influence of faulting on stresses and earth deformation in New Zealand. She has participated in fieldwork and numerical modelling of continental rift mechanics in Papua New Guinea; fluid and magma generation and flow in the Taupo Volcanic Zone; and brittle-ductile deformation in the Southern Alps. Recently she has led a Marsden-funded research programme studying the mechanics of New Zealand’s Hikurangi subduction margin. Susan is a past president of the New Zealand Geophysics Society (now part of the New Zealand Geoscience Society) and has been a participant in 6 Marsden projects since 2004. She has also convened several scientific meetings including an international NSF-funded GeoPrisms workshop studying New Zealand tectonics.
Stuart studies how tectonic plates collide deforming the North Island of New Zealand and break apart to create the rifted Victoria Land Basin in Antarctic. His work requires the integration of a wide range of geophysical and geological observations. The results underpin geological hazard analysis, exploration of natural resources, and aid in reconstructing paleo climate records. Stuart leads an international research programme studying the plate boundary beneath Wellington. He has been a member of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Science Evaluation Panel and the Australian-New Zealand IODP Science Committee and is also the current New Zealand coordinator for IODP. Stuart is an Adjunct Professor at Victoria University of Wellington.
Chris Hollis is a micropaleontologist and paleoclimatologist with a particular focus on southern Pacific climate variation during the greenhouse world of the Paleogene. He has been the principal investigator on two Marsden Fund projects and was awarded the McKay Hammer by the Geological Society of New Zealand in 2005 for his Marsden team's research on the mass extinction that wiped out the dinosaurs at the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary. Chris recently stepped down as Head of the Paleontology Department.
Professor David Johnston is a Principal Scientist at GNS Science and Director of the Joint Centre for Disaster Research in the School of Psychology at Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand. His research has developed as part of multi-disciplinary theoretical and applied research programmes, involving the collaboration of physical and social scientists from several organisations and countries. His research focuses on human responses to volcano, tsunami, earthquake and weather warnings, crisis decision-making and the role of public education and participation in building community resilience and recovery. David is the Chair of the Integrated Research on Disaster Risk Scientific Committee (IRDR), a programme co-sponsored by the International Council for Science (ICSU), the International Social Science Council (ISCC), and the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster reduction (UNISDR); is on New Zealand’s Royal Society Social Science Advisory Panel; is the Editor of The Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies; and is founding Editor of the Journal of Applied Volcanology.
John is an ion beam physicist who works on new materials development and ion beam analysis for advanced materials, biology, geology and environmental applications. He is currently investigating metal and metal oxide nanoparticle growth and their structural, electrical, optical and magnetic properties. His team is working on developing a proof-of-concept sensor devices. John leads the GNS Science core science programme of ion beam applications which focuses on research and development of ion beam technology for industry and environment sectors. He is a Principal Investigator in the high technology industry focused Materials Accelerator at University of Auckland. He is also an Associate Investigator in the MacDiarmid Institute and Research Associate at Victoria University of Wellington and The University of Auckland. John is a New Zealand representative in the international Marine pollution projects in Asia coordinated by the International Atomic Energy Agency
Peter is a sedimentologist, who studies the 80 million-year history of New Zealand’s sedimentary basins. He reconstructs the paleo-geography of ancient fluvial and marine depositional systems from the type and distribution of sedimentary rock layers, to provide a geological framework for predicting present-day subsurface occurrences of petroleum. His particular interest is reservoir sandstone sequences deposited in deep marine environments. Peter is leader of the GNS Science petroleum research programme. He has received a DSc degree and a NZ Science and Technology Bronze Medal for his reference works on the petroleum-producing Taranaki Basin, and has won awards for best paper and best poster at international oil industry conferences.
A nuclear physicist by training, Andreas leads GNS Science's ion beam analysis, nanotechnology and advanced surface materials programmes. His nanotechnology team has won worldwide recognition for developing silicon nanostructures and zinc oxide materials with potential uses in next generation electronic and sensor devices. He also has interests in understanding the nature and sources of particulates in air pollution and in analysing otoliths to find out more about more about the life cycles of commercial fish species and shellfish. Andreas is a principal investigator and science executive with the MacDiarmid Institute of Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology. He is also a principal investigator in the industry-focussed Materials Accelerator at Auckland University, and the New Zealand representative and international programme leader for air pollution projects in Asia, coordinated by the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Graeme is an engineering seismologist who researches and develops seismic hazard models for New Zealand. This includes developing models for the attenuation of strong ground motion from earthquakes in New Zealand. Graeme has provided seismic hazard consultancy services for major developments in New Zealand and Australia, including work on bridges, dams, electricity distribution facilities, and port facilities.
Dallas is a palynologist with over 40 years experience specialising in forensic palynology, and with additional expertise in Southern Hemipshere Cretaceous-Cenozoic palynology, biostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental analysis. His current research focus is on palynology and paleobotany of Oligocene-Miocene time in relation to New Zealand's then geographic position. His forensic international reputation has resulted in twice being guest Professor at the Institute of Botany, University of Vienna and he has presented invited and keynote addresses, workshops and courses in forensic palynology in Australia, Austria, Italy, New Zealand, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, Thailand and the USA. Dallas has published over 400 scientific articles on all aspects of palynology and paleobotany, including four monographs and a number of book chapters and is a guest professor at the Instituto Superior de Ciências da Saúde Egas Moniz, Portugal lecturing in forensic palynology.
Nick Mortimer is a petrologist in the Department of Regional Geology and uses the composition and textures of rocks to help solve a variety of geological and tectonic problems. He has worked in the U.S., Canada, Australia, Antarctica, the offshore SW Pacific and all over New Zealand. Nick is best known for his work in Zealandia’s greywacke and schist basement, but has shown that team investigations of any part of the geological column can benefit from a little petrology and some big-picture thinking. Currently Nick is the Senior Editor of the New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics. He is a former Curator of GNS Science’s National Petrology Rock Collection and the PETLAB database and a past-President of the Geoscience Society of New Zealand.
Martin is a seismologist who focuses on the seismicity, structure and tectonics of the plate boundary through New Zealand. His particular interest is the country’s two subduction zones, which he has studied in detail with dense deployments of portable seismographs. A major motivation for this work has been to determine the seismic hazard posed by the shallow part of the plate interface. He has also increased understanding of recent large earthquakes through detailed aftershock studies. Martin’s work has led to substantial international collaboration, and has been recognised with a New Zealand Science and Technology Medal, the New Zealand Geophysics Prize (three times), and Fellowship of the Royal Society of New Zealand.
David is a geophysical statistician who works on improving models for earthquake hazard and risk, to provide better information on the likelihood of future large earthquakes and their damaging effects, and to increase our understanding of how earthquakes are generated and what make us vulnerable to them. His pioneering collaborative studies on patterns in the occurrence of small earthquakes before big ones, are leading the way internationally in developing testable methods for long-range earthquake forecasting. He is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Geophysical Research, and co-chair of the Working Group on Earthquake Predictability of the International Association for Seismology and Physics of the Earth's Interior.
Richard is a petroleum geochemist who studies organic-rich rocks and petroleum fluids to help exploration companies find more oil and gas resources for New Zealand. In 2004, he discovered that New Zealand crude oils are derived mostly from fossil leaf cuticle in coal seams, helping to dispel the widely held theory that coals expel only gas. His current research interests involve using the geochemical fingerprints of oils to identify genetic oil families and determine oil maturity, information which helps to reveal the petroleum “plumbing systems” in the subsurface. Richard is currently leader of the Petroleum Source Rocks & Fluids research programme and a visiting lecturer at Victoria University of Wellington. He has been a visiting scientist at the Geological Survey of Canada and the GeoForschungsZentrum (Germany) and regularly presents seminars and short-courses at international conferences and directly to exploration companies.