Chris Daughney


Full Name: Chris Daughney

Position: Director, Environment and Materials Division

Contact details

Email: C.Daughney
Phone: +64-4-570 4751


1993: BSc Hons, Earth Science; 1997: PhD, Aqueous Geochemistry and Geomicrobiology

Areas of expertise

Geochemist: Geochemistry
Geochemist: Geomicrobiology
Geochemist: Hydrogeology

Professional activities

New Zealand Hydrological Society: Member
International Society for Environmental Biogeochemistry: International Committee: Member

Major publications

Donath, F.M.; Daughney, C.J.; Morgenstern, U.; Cameron, S.G.; Toews, M.W. 2015 Hydrochemical interpretation of groundwater-surface water interactions at catchment and local scales, Lake Rotorua catchment, New Zealand. Journal of hydrology, New Zealand, 54(1): 11-32

Franzblau, R.E.; Daughney, C.J.; Moreau, M.; Weisener, C.G. 2015 Cu(II) removal by E. coli-iron oxide composites during the addition and oxidation of Fe(II). Chemical Geology, 409: 136-148; doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.05.019

McDowell R.W.; Cox N.; Daughney C.J.; Wheeler D.; Moreau M. 2015 A national assessment of the potential linkage between soil, and surface and groundwater concentrations of phosphorus. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 51(4): 992-1002; doi: 10.1111/1752-1688.12337

Morgenstern, U.; Daughney, C.J.; Leonard, G.S.; Gordon, D.; Donath, F.M.; Reeves, R.R. 2015 Using groundwater age and hydrochemistry to understand sources and dynamics of nutrient contamination through the catchment into Lake Rotorua, New Zealand. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19(2): 803-822; doi: 10.5194/hess-19-803-2015

Swedlund, P.J.; Moreau, M.F.; Daughney, C.J. 2015 Bacterial exudate effects on Cu2+ sorption by cells : quantifying significant ternary interactions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 149: 268-278; doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2014.10.002

Franzblau, R.E.; Daughney, C.J.; Moreau, M.; Weisener, C.G. 2014 Selenate adsorption to composites of Escherichia coli and iron oxide during the addition, oxidation, and hydrolysis of Fe(II). Chemical Geology, 383: 180-193; doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.06.016

Moreau, M.; Cameron, S.G.; Daughney, C.J.; Gusyev, M.A.; Tschritter, C. 2014 Envirolink Tools Project : capture zone delineation. Technical report. Lower Hutt, NZ: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2013/57. 91 p.

Moreau, M.; Nokes, C.; Cameron, S.G.; Hadfield, J.; Gusyev, M.A.; Tschritter, C.; Daughney, C.J. 2014 Capture zone guidelines for New Zealand. Lower Hutt, NZ: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2013/56. 47 p.

Sirisena, K.A.; Daughney, C.J.; Moreau, M.; Ryan, K.G.; Chambers G.K. 2014 Relationships between molecular bacterial diversity and chemistry of groundwater in the Wairarapa Valley, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 48(4): 524-539; doi: 10.1080/00288330.2014.923921

Swedlund, P.J.; Holtkamp, H.; Song, Y.; Daughney, C.J. 2014 Arsenate-ferrihydrite systems from minutes to months : a macroscopic and IR spectroscopic study of an elusive equilibrium. Environmental science & technology, 48(5): 2759-2765; doi: 10.1021/es404742c

Gusyev, M.A.; Toews, M.W.; Morgenstern, U.; Stewart, M.K.; White, P.A.; Daughney, C.J.; Hadfield, J. 2013 Calibration of a transient transport model to tritium data in streams and simulation of groundwater ages in the western Lake Taupo catchment, New Zealand. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17(3): 1217-1227; doi: 10.5194/hess-17-1217-2013

Daughney, C.J.; Raiber, M.; Moreau-Fournier, M.; Morgenstern, U.; van der Raaij, R.W. 2012 Use of hierarchical cluster analysis to assess the representativeness of a baseline groundwater quality monitoring network : comparison of New Zealand’s national and regional groundwater monitoring programs. Hydrogeology journal, 20(1): 185-200; doi: 10.1007/s10040-011-0786-2

Gusyev, M.A.; Toews, M.W.; Daughney, C.J.; Hong, T.; Minni, G.; Fenemor, A.; Ekanayake, J.; Davie, T.; Basher, L.; Thomas, J. 2012 Modelling groundwater abstraction scenarios using a groundwater-river interaction model of the Upper Motueka River catchment. Journal of hydrology, New Zealand, 51(2): 85-110

Moreau-Fournier, M.; Daughney, C.J. 2012 Dynamic groundwater monitoring networks : a manageable method for reviewing sampling frequency. Journal of environmental monitoring, 14(12): 3129-3136; doi: 10.1039/C2EM30624G

Morgenstern, U.; Daughney, C.J. 2012 Groundwater age for identification of baseline groundwater quality and impacts of land-use intensification : The National Groundwater Monitoring Programme of New Zealand. Journal of Hydrology, 456/457: 79-93

Raiber, M.; White, P.A.; Daughney, C.J.; Tschritter, C.; Davidson, P.; Bainbridge, S.E. 2012 Three-dimensional geological modelling and multivariate statistical analysis of water chemistry data to analyse and visualise aquifer structure and groundwater composition in the Wairau Plain, Marlborough District, New Zealand. Journal of Hydrology, 436-437: 13-34; doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.01.045

Daughney, C.J.; Fakih, M.; Chatellier, X. 2011 Progressive sorption and oxidation/hydrolysis of Fe(II) affects cadmium immobilization by bacteria-iron oxide composites. Geomicrobiology Journal, 28(1): 11-22; doi: 10.1080/01490451003614989

Guggenmos, M.R.; Daughney, C.J.; Jackson, B.M.; Morgenstern, U. 2011 Regional-scale identification of groundwater-surface water interaction using hydrochemistry and multivariate statistical methods, Wairarapa Valley, New Zealand. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(11): 3383-3398; doi: 10.5194/hess-15-3383-2011

Gusyev, M.A.; Tschritter, C.; Moreau-Fournier, M.; Daughney, C.J. 2011 Capture zone delineation for National Groundwater Monitoring Programme sites in the Southland region. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2011/31. 54 p.

Daughney, C.J. 2010 Spreadsheet for automatic processing of water quality data : 2010 update, calculation of percentiles and tests for seasonality. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2010/42. 16 p.

Daughney, C.J. 2010 Hydrochemical classification of groundwater and river state of the environment monitoring sites in the Greater Wellington region. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2009/68. 60 p. + 1 CD

Daughney, C.J.; Hetzer, A.; Heinrich, H.T.M.; Burnett, P-G.G.; Weerts, M.; Morgan, H.; Bremer, P.J.; McQuillan, A.J. 2010 Proton and cadmium adsorption by the archaeon Thermococcus zilligii : generalising the contrast between thermophiles and mesophiles as sorbents. Chemical Geology, 273(1/2): 82-90; doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.02.014

Daughney, C.J.; Morgenstern, U.; van der Raaij, R.W.; Reeves, R.R. 2010 Discriminant analysis for estimation of groundwater age from hydrochemistry and well construction : application to New Zealand aquifers. Hydrogeology journal, 18(2): 417-428, 541; doi: 10.1007/s10040-009-0479-2; doi:10.1007/s10040-009-0479-2

Daughney, C.J.; Guggenmos, M.; McAlister, D.; Begg, J.G.; Jackson, B.M. 2009 Assessment of groundwater and surface water chemistry in the upper and lower Wairarapa Valley. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2009/21. 29 p.

Daughney, C.J.; Meilhac, C.; Zarour, H. 2009 Spatial and temporal variations and trends in groundwater quality in the Manawatu-Wanganui region. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2009/02. 137 p. + 1 CD

Daughney, C.J.; Randall, M. 2009 National groundwater quality indicators update : state and trends 1995-2008. GNS Science consultancy report 2009/145. 55 p. + 1 CD

Daughney, C.J. 2008 Multivariate statistical methods for assessment of groundwater chemistry in the Waiareka and Deborah aquifers, Otago. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2008/25. 31 p. + 1 CD

Heinrich, H.T.M.; Bremer, P.J.; McQuillan, A.J.; Daughney, C.J. 2008 Modelling of the acid-base properties of two thermophilic bacteria at different growth times. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 72(17): 4185-4200; doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2008.06.017

Reeves, R.R.; Morgenstern, U.; Daughney, C.J.; Stewart, M.K.; Gordon, D. 2008 Identifying leakage to groundwater from Lake Rerewhakaaitu using isotopic and water quality data. Journal of hydrology, New Zealand, 47(2): 85-106

Stott, M.B.; Saito, J.A.; Crowe, M.A.; Dunfield, P.F.; Hou, S.; Nakasone, E.; Daughney, C.J.; Smirnova, A.V.; Mountain, B.W.; Takai, K.; Alam, M. 2008 Culture-independent characterization of a novel microbial community at a hydrothermal vent at Brothers volcano, Kermadec Arc, New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, 113: B08S06; doi: 10.1029/2007JB005477

Burnett, P-G.G.; Handley, K.; Peak, D.; Daughney, C.J. 2007 Divalent metal adsorption by the thermophile Anoxybacillus flavithermus in single and multi-metal systems. Chemical Geology, 244(3/4): 493-506; doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2007.07.006

Daughney, C.J. 2007 Multivariate statistical methods for assessment of groundwater chemistry between the Waingawa and Waiohine Rivers, Wairarapa Valley. Lower Hutt: GNS Science. GNS Science report 2007/19. 37 p.

Daughney, C.J.; Baker, T.; Jones, A.; Hanson, C.; Davidson, P.W.; Thompson, M.; Reeves, R.R.; Zemansky, G.M. 2007 Comparison of groundwater sampling methods for State of the Environment monitoring in New Zealand. Journal of hydrology, New Zealand, 46(1): 19-31

Daughney, C.J.; Wall, M. 2007 Groundwater quality in New Zealand : state and trends 1995-2006. GNS Science consultancy report 2007/23. iii, 65 p.

Heinrich, H.T.M.; Bremer, P.J.; Daughney, C.J.; McQuillan, A.J. 2007 Acid-base titrations of functional groups on the surface of the thermophilic bacterium Anoxybacillus flavithermus : comparing a chemical equilibrium model with ATR-IR spectroscopic data. Langmuir, 23(5): 2731-2740

Hetzer, A.; Morgan, H.W.; McDonald, I.R.; Daughney, C.J. 2007 Microbial life in Champagne Pool, a geothermal spring in Waiotapu, New Zealand. Extremophiles, 11(4): 605-614

Krack, S.; Fortin, D.; Chatellier, X.; Daughney, C.J. 2007 Effect of growth phase and metabolic activity on the adhesion of Escherichia coli K-12 AB264 to quartz and lepidocrocite. Geomicrobiology Journal, 24(3/4): 179-187

Burnett, P-G.G.; Daughney, C.J.; Peak, D. 2006 Cd adsorption onto Anoxybacillus flavithermus : surface complexation modeling and spectroscopic investigations. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70(21): 5253-5269

Burnett, P-G.G.; Heinrich, H.; Peak, D.; Bremer, P.J.; McQuillan, A.J.; Daughney, C.J. 2006 The effect of pH and ionic strength on proton adsorption by the thermophilic bacterium Anoxybacillus flavithermus. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70(8): 1914-1927

Daughney, C.J.; Fortin, D. 2006 Bacteria and mineral interactions. p. 867-883 IN: Somasundaran, P. (ed) Encyclopedia of surface and colloid science. New York: Taylor & Francis

Daughney, C.J.; Jones, A.; Baker, T.; Hanson, C.; Davidson, P.; Zemansky, G.M.; Reeves, R.R.; Thompson, M. 2006 A national protocol for state of the environment groundwater sampling in New Zealand. Wellington, NZ: Ministry for the Environment. GNS Science miscellaneous series 5; ME / Ministry for the Environment 781. 54 p.

Daughney, C.J.; Reeves, R.R. 2006 Analysis of temporal trends in New Zealand's groundwater quality based on data from the National Groundwater Monitoring Programme. Journal of hydrology, New Zealand, 45(1): 41-62

Daughney, C.J.; Reeves, R.R.; Zemansky, G.M.; Baker, T.; Jones, A.; Hanson, C.; Davidson, P. 2006 Field trial to support development of a nationally standardised protocol for State of the Environment groundwater sampling in New Zealand. GNS Science consultancy report 2006/136. 46 p., 7 apps

Hetzer, A.; Daughney, C.J.; Morgan, H.W. 2006 Cadmium ion biosorption by the thermophilic bacteria Geobacillus stearothermophilus and G. thermocatenulatus. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 72(6): 4020-4027

Van Bekkum, M.; Sainsbury, J.P.; Daughney, C.J.; Chambers, G.K. 2006 Molecular analysis of bacterial communities in groundwaters from selected wells in the Hutt Valley and the Wairarapa, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 40(1): 91-106

Daughney, C.J.; Reeves, R.R. 2005 Definition of hydrochemical facies in the New Zealand National Groundwater Monitoring Programme. Journal of hydrology, New Zealand, 44(2): 105-130

Daughney, C.J.; Siciliano, S.D.; Rencz, A.N.; Lean, D.R.S.; Fortin, D. 2005 Development of a surface complexation model for mercury(II) adsorption to Bacillus subtilis and application to a wetland dominated ecosystem. p. 39-68 IN: O'Driscoll, N.J.; Rencz, A.N.; Lean, D.R.S. (eds) Mercury cycling in a wetland-dominated ecosystem : a multidisciplinary study. Pensacola, Fla.: Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Morgenstern, U.; Reeves, R.R.; Daughney, C.J.; Cameron, S.G.; Gordon, D. 2005 Time trends in water chemistry and future nutrient load in the Lake Rotorua area. p. 23-28 IN: Miller, N.; Miller, E. (eds) Proceedings : Rotorua Lakes 2004 : restoring lake health - nutrient targets and cyanobacteria, 16 - 17 September 2004, Park Heritage Hotel, Rotorua. Rotorua: LakesWater Quality Society

Daughney, C.J.; Chatellier, X.; Chan, A.; Kenward, P.; Fortin, D.; Suttle, C.A.; Fowle, D.A. 2004 Adsorption and precipitation of iron from seawater on a marine bacteriophage (PWH3A-P1). Marine chemistry, 91(1-4): 101-115

Daughney, C.J.; Rioux, J.-P.; Fortin, D.; Pichler, T. 2004 Laboratory investigation of the role of bacteria in the weathering of basalt near deep sea hydrothermal vents. Geomicrobiology Journal, 21(1): 21-31

Daughney, C.J. 2003 Iron and manganese in New Zealand's groundwater. Journal of hydrology, New Zealand, 42(1): 11-26

Siciliano, S.D.; Sangster, A.; Daughney, C.J.; Loseto, L.; Germida, J.J.; Rencz, A.N.; O'Driscoll, N.J.; Lean, D.R.S. 2003 Are methylmercury concentrations in the wetlands of Kejimkujik National Park, Nova Scotia, Canada, dependent on geology? Journal of environmental quality, 32(6): 2085-2094

Daughney, C.J.; Reeves, R.R. 2002 Strategy for development of a national groundwater data centre in New Zealand. Institute of Geological & Nuclear Sciences client report 2002/87. 47 p.

Daughney, C.J.; Siciliano, S.D.; Rencz, A.N.; Lean, D.; Fortin, D. 2002 Hg(II) adsorption by bacteria : a surface complexation model and its application to shallow acidic lakes and wetlands in Kejimkujik National Park, Nova Scotia, Canada. Environmental science & technology, 36(7): 1546-1553

Daughney, C.J.; Fowle, D.A.; Fortin, D.E. 2001 The effect of growth phase on proton and metal adsorption by Bacillus subtilis. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65(7): 1025-1035

Bryar, T.R.; Daughney, C.J.; Knight, R.J. 2000 Paramagnetic effects of iron (III) species on nuclear magnetic relaxation of fluid protons in porous media. Journal of magnetic resonance, 142(1): 74-85

Daughney, C.J. 2000 Sorption of crude oil from a non-aqueous phase onto silica : the influence of aqueous pH and wetting sequence. Organic geochemistry, 31(2-3): 147-158

Daughney, C.J.; Bryar, T.R.; Knight, R.J. 2000 Detecting sorbed hydrocarbons in a porous medium using proton nuclear magnetic resonance. Environmental science & technology, 34(2): 332-337

Yee, N.; Fein, J.B.; Daughney, C.J. 2000 Experimental study of the pH, ionic strength, and reversibility behavior of bacteria-mineral adsorption. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 64(4): 609-617

Daughney, C.J.; Fein, J.B. 1998 The effect of ionic strength on the adsorption of H+, Cd2+, Pb2+, and Cu2+ by Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis : a surface complexation model. Journal of colloid and interface science, 198(1): 53-77

Daughney, C.J.; Fein, J.B. 1998 Sorption of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol by Bacillus subtilis. Environmental science & technology, 32(6): 749-752

Daughney, C.J.; Fein, J.B.; Yee, N. 1998 A comparison of the thermodynamics of metal adsorption onto two common bacteria. Chemical Geology, 144(3-4): 161-176

Daughney, C.J.; Fein, J.B. 1997 Aqueous complexation of cadmium, lead, and copper by 2,4,6-trichlorophenolate and pentachlorophenolate. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 61(4): 719-729

Fein, J.B.; Daughney, C.J.; Yee, N.; Davis, T.A. 1997 A chemical equilibrium model for metal adsorption onto bacterial surfaces. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 61(16): 3319-3328

  Image of Chris Daughney