Kate Clark


Full Name: Kate Clark

Position: Paleoecologist/Earthquake Geologist

Contact details

Email me here
Phone: +64-4-570 4530


2001: BSc, Earth Science/geography; 2003: MSc (Ist Class Hons), Earth Science; 2006: PhD, Geology

Areas of expertise

Geology: Active fault studies
Geology: Earthquake Geology
Geology: Holocene neotectonic activity
Geology: Micropaleontology
Geology: Paleoceanography
Geology: Paleoseismology
Geology: Paleotsunami Studies
Geology: Quaternary geology
Geology: tectonic geomorphology

Professional activities

American Geophysical Union: Member
Geological Society of New Zealand: Member

Major publications

Clark, K.J.; Morgenstern, R. 2021 The paleotsunami record of the Auckland region and implications for understanding tsunami hazards. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, Online first: doi: 10.1080/00288306.2021.1969956

Howarth, J.D.; Barth, N.C.; Fitzsimons, S.J.; Richards-Dinger, K.; Clark, K.J.; Biasi, G.P.; Cochran, U.A.; Langridge, R.M.; Berryman, K.R.; Sutherland, R. 2021 Spatiotemporal clustering of great earthquakes on a transform fault controlled by geometry. Nature geoscience, 14: 314-320; doi: 10.1038/s41561-021-00721-4

Pizer, C.; Clark, K.J.; Howarth, J.D.; Garrett, E.; Wang, X.; Rhoades, D.A.; Woodroffe, S. 2021 Paleotsunamis on the southern Hikurangi subduction zone, New Zealand, show regular recurrence of large subduction earthquakes. The Seismic Record, 1(2): 75-84; doi: 10.1785/0320210012

Howell, A.; Nissen, E.; Stahl, T.; Clark, K.J.; Kearse, J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Villamor, P.; Langridge, R.M.; Jones, K.E. 2020 Three-dimensional surface displacements during the 2016 MW 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake (New Zealand) from photogrammetry-derived point clouds. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, 125(1): e2019JB018739; doi: 10.1029/2019JB018739

Litchfield, N.J.; Clark, K.J.; Cochran, U.A.; Palmer, A.S.; Mountjoy, J.; Mueller, C.; Morgenstern, R.; Berryman, K.R.; McFadgen, B.G.; Steele, R.; Reitman, N.; Howarth, J.D.; Villamor, P. 2020 Marine terraces reveal complex near-shore upper-plate faulting in the northern Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 110(2): 825-849; doi: 10.1785/0120190208

Clark, K.J.; Howarth, J.D.; Litchfield, N.J.; Cochran, U.A.; Turnbull, J.C.; Dowling, L.; Howell, A.; Berryman, K.R.; Wolfe, F. 2019 Geological evidence for past large earthquakes and tsunamis along the Hikurangi subduction margin, New Zealand. Marine Geology, 412: 139-172; doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2019.03.004

Clark, K.J.; Nissen, E.K.; Howarth, J.D.; Hamling, I.J.; Mountjoy, J.J.; Ries, W.F.; Jones, K.E.; Goldstein, S.; Cochran, U.A.; Villamor, P.; Hreinsdottir, S.; Litchfield, N.J.; Mueller, C.; Berryman, K.R.; Strong, D.T. 2017 Highly variable coastal deformation in the 2016 MW7.8 Kaikoura earthquake reflects rupture complexity along a transpressional plate boundary. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 474: 334-344; doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.06.048

Cochran, U.A.; Clark, K.J.; Howarth, J.D.; Biasi, G.P.; Langridge, R.M.; Villamor, P.; Berryman, K.R.; Vandergoes, M.J. 2017 A plate boundary earthquake record from a wetland adjacent to the Alpine fault in New Zealand refines hazard estimates. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 464: 175-188; doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2017.02.026

Hamling, I.J.; Hreinsdottir, S.; Clark, K.J.; Elliot, J.; Liang, C.; Fielding, E.; Litchfield, N.J.; Villamor, P.; Wallace, L.M.; Wright, T.J.; D'Anastasio, E.; Bannister, S.; Burbidge, D.R.; Denys, P.; Gentle, P.; Howarth, J.D.; Mueller, C.; Palmer, N.G.; Pearson, C.; Power, W.L.; Barnes, P.; Barrell, D.J.A.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Langridge, R.M.; Little, T.; Nicol, A.; Pettinga, J.; Rowland, J.; Stirling, M.W. 2017 Complex multifault rupture during the 2016 Mw 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake, New Zealand. Science, 356(6334): eaam7194; doi: 10.1126/science.aam7194

Hayward, B.W.; Grenfell, H.R.; Sabaa, A.T.; Cochran, U.A.; Clark, K.J.; Wallace, L.M.; Palmer, A.S. 2016 Salt-marsh foraminiferal record of 10 large Holocene (last 7500 yr) earthquakes on a subducting plate margin, Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 128(5/6): 896-915; doi: 10.1130/B31295.1

Power, W.L.; Wallace, L.M.; Mueller, C.; Henrys, S.A.; Clark, K.J.; Fry, B.; Wang, X.; Williams, C.A. 2016 Understanding the potential for tsunami generated by earthquakes on the southern Hikurangi subduction interface. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 59(1): 70-85; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2015.1127825

Rockwell, T.K.; Clark, K.J.; Gamble, L.; Oskin, M.E.; Haaker, E.C.; Kennedy, G.L. 2016 Large Transverse Range earthquakes cause coastal upheaval near Ventura, Southern California. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 106(6): 2706-2720; doi: 10.1785/0120150378

Biasi, G.P.; Langridge, R.M.; Berryman, K.R.; Clark, K.J.; Cochran, U.A. 2015 Maximum-likelihood recurrence parameters and conditional probability of a ground-rupturing earthquake on the southern Alpine Fault, South Island, New Zealand. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 105(1): 94-106; doi: 10.1785/0120130259

Clark, K.J.; Hayward, B.W.; Cochran, U.A.; Wallace, L.M.; Power, W.L.; Sabaa, A.T. 2015 Evidence for past subduction earthquakes at a plate boundary with widespread upper plate faulting : southern Hikurangi margin, New Zealand. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 105(3): 1661-1690; doi: 10.1785/0120140291

Litchfield, N.J.; Clark, K.J. 2015 Fluvial terrace formation in the lower Awhea and Pahaoa River valleys, New Zealand : implications for tectonic and sea-level controls. Geomorphology, 231: 212-228; doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.12.009

Bartholomew, T.D.; Little, T.A.; Clark, K.J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Barnes, P.M. 2014 Kinematics and paleoseismology of the Vernon Fault, Marlborough Fault System, New Zealand : implications for contractional fault bend deformation, earthquake triggering, and the record of Hikurangi subduction earthquakes. Tectonics, 33(7): 1201-1218; doi: 10.1002/2014TC003543

Litchfield, N.J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Sutherland, R.; Barnes, P.M.; Cox, S.C.; Norris, R.; Beavan, R.J.; Langridge, R.M.; Villamor, P.; Berryman, K.R.; Stirling, M.W.; Nicol, A.; Nodder, S.; Lamarche, G.; Barrell, D.J.A.; Pettinga, J.R.; Little, T.; Pondard, N.; Mountjoy, J.J.; Clark, K.J. 2014 A model of active faulting in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 57(1): 32-56; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2013.854256

Wallace, L.M.; Cochran, U.A.; Power, W.L.; Clark, K.J. 2014 Earthquake and tsunami potential of the Hikurangi subduction thrust, New Zealand : insights from paleoseismology, GPS, and tsunami modeling. Oceanography, 27(2): 104-117; doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2014.46

Clark, K.J.; Cochran, U.A.; Berryman, K.R.; Biasi, G.; Langridge, R.M.; Villamor, P.; Bartholomew, T.; Litchfield, N.J.; Pantosti, D.; Marco, S.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Turner, G.; Hemphill-Haley, M. 2013 Deriving a long paleoseismic record from a shallow-water Holocene basin next to the Alpine fault, New Zealand. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 125(5/6): 811-832; doi: 10.1130/​B30693.1

Berryman, K.R.; Cochran, U.A.; Clark, K.J.; Biasi, G.P.; Langridge, R.M.; Villamor, P. 2012 Major earthquakes occur regularly on an isolated plate boundary fault. Science, 336: 1690-1693; doi: 10.1126/science.1218959

Clark, K.J.; Cochran, U.A.; Mazengarb, C. 2011 Holocene coastal evolution and evidence for paleotsunami from a tectonically stable region, Tasmania, Australia. The Holocene, 21(6): 883-895; doi: 10.1177/0959683610391317

Clark, K.J.; Johnson, P.N.; Turnbull, I.M.; Litchfield, N.J. 2011 The 2009 Mw 7.8 earthquake on the Puysegur subduction zone produced minimal geological effects around Dusky Sound, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 54(2): 237-247; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2010.543690

Clark, K.J.; Power, W.L.; Nishimura, Y.; Kautoke, R.A.; Vaiomo'unga, R.; Pongi, A.; Fifita, M. 2011 Characteristics of the 29th September 2009 South Pacific tsunami as observed at Niuatoputapu Island, Tonga. Earth-Science Reviews, 107(1/2): 52-65; doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2010.12.001

Villamor, P.; Berryman, K.R.; Nairn, I.A.; Wilson, K.J.; Litchfield, N.J.; Ries, W. 2011 Associations between volcanic eruptions from Okataina Volcanic Center and surface rupture of nearby active faults, Taupo rift, New Zealand : insights into the nature of volcano-tectonic interactions. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 123(7/8): 1383-1405; doi: 10.1130/B30184.1

Beavan, R.J.; Wang, X.; Holden, C.; Wilson, K.J.; Power, W.L.; Prasetya, G.; Bevis, M.; Kautoke, R. 2010 Near-simultaneous great earthquakes at Tongan megathrust and outer rise in September 2009. Nature, 466(7309): 959-964; doi: 10.1038/nature09292

Clark, K.J.; Berryman, K.R.; Litchfield, N.J.; Cochran, U.A.; Little, T. 2010 Evaluating the coastal deformation mechanisms of the Raukumara Peninsula, northern Hikurangi subduction margin, New Zealand and insights into forearc uplift processes. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 53(4): 341-358; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2010.520324

Litchfield, N.J.; Wilson, K.J.; Berryman, K.R.; Wallace, L.M. 2010 Coastal uplift mechanisms at Pakarae River mouth : constraints from a combined Holocene fluvial and marine terrace dataset. Marine Geology, 270(1-4): 72-83; doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2009.10.003

Wilson, K.J.; Berryman, K.R.; Cochran, U.A.; Little, T.A. 2007 Holocene coastal evolution and uplift mechanisms of the northeastern Raukumara Peninsula, North Island, New Zealand. Quaternary Science Reviews, 26(7/8): 1106-1128; doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.01.005

Wilson, K.J.; Berryman, K.R.; Cochran, U.A.; Little, T.A. 2007 A Holocene incised valley infill sequence developed on a tectonically active coast : Pakarae River, New Zealand. Sedimentary Geology, 197(3/4): 333-354; doi: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2006.10.007

Wilson, K.J.; Berryman, K.R.; Cochran, U.A.; Little, T.A. 2007 Early Holocene paleoseismic history at the Pakarae locality, eastern North Island, New Zealand, inferred from transgressive marine sequence architecture. Tectonics, 26(4): TC4013; doi: 10.1029/2006TC002021

Wilson, K.J.; Litchfield, N.J.; Berryman, K.R.; Little, T.A. 2007 Distribution, age, and uplift patterns of Pleistocene marine terraces of the northern Raukumara Peninsula, North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 50(3): 181-191; doi: 10.1080/00288300709509830

Wilson, K.J.; Berryman, K.R.; Litchfield, N.J.; Little, T. 2006 A revision of mid-late Holocene marine terrace distribution and chronology at the Pakarae River mouth, North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 49(4): 477-489; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2006.9515182

Wilson, K.J.; Hayward, B.W.; Sabaa, A.T.; Scott, G.H.; Kennett, J.P. 2005 A one-million-year history of a north-south segment of the Subtropical Front, east of New Zealand. Paleoceanography, 20: PA2004; doi: 10.1029/2004PA001080

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