Robert Langridge


Full Name: Robert Langridge

Position: Earthquake Geologist

Contact details

Email me here
Phone: +64-4-570 4898


1988: BSc, Earth Sciences; 1990: MSc Hons, Earth Sciences; 1998: PhD, Geological Sciences

Areas of expertise

Financial: Project Management
Geology: Active fault studies
Geology: Earthquake effects
Geology: Fault segmentation
Geology: Graduate Student Advisor
Geology: Paleoseismology
Geology: Structural and neotectonic analysis
Geology: tectonic geomorphology

Professional activities

International Quaternary Science Association: Active Tectonics: member
New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering: Earthquake Geology: Member
Geoscience Society of New Zealand: Tectonic Studies: Member
Seismological Society of America: Member

Major publications

Langridge, R.M.; Villamor, P.; Howarth, J.D.; Ries, W.F.; Clark, K.J.; Litchfield, N.J. 2021 Reconciling an early nineteenth-century rupture of the Alpine Fault at a section end, Toaroha River, Westland, New Zealand. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 111(1): 514-540; doi: 10.1785/0120200116

Vermeer, J.L.; Quigley, M.C.; Duffy, B.G.; Langridge, R.M.; Pettinga, J.R. 2021 Structure and kinematics of active faulting in the Hope-Kelly and Alpine Fault intersection zone, South Island, New Zealand. Tectonophysics, 813: article 228928; doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2021.228928

Howell, A.; Nissen, E.; Stahl, T.; Clark, K.J.; Kearse, J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Villamor, P.; Langridge, R.M.; Jones, K.E. 2020 Three-dimensional surface displacements during the 2016 MW 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake (New Zealand) from photogrammetry-derived point clouds. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, 125(1): e2019JB018739; doi: 10.1029/2019JB018739

Diederichs, A.; Nissen, E.K.; Lajoie, L.J.; Langridge, R.M.; Malireddi, S.R.; Clark, K.J.; Hamling, I.J.; Tagliasacchi, A. 2019 Unusual kinematics of the Papatea fault (2016 Kaikoura earthquake) suggest anelastic rupture. Science Advances, 5(10): article eaax5703; doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aax5703

Kearse, J.; Little, T.A.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Barnes, P.M.; Langridge, R.M.; Mountjoy, J.; Ries, W.F.; Villamor, P.; Clark, K.J.; Benson, A.; Lamarche, G.; Hill, M.P.; Hemphill-Haley, M. 2018 Onshore to offshore ground-surface and seabed rupture of the Jordan–Kekerengu–Needles fault network during the 2016 Mw 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake, New Zealand. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 108(3B): 1573-1595; doi: 10.1785/0120170304

Langridge, R.M.; Rowland, J.; Villamor, P.; Mountjoy, J.; Townsend, D.B.; Nissen, E.; Madugo, C.; Ries, W.F.; Gasston, C.; Canva, A.; Hatem, A.E.; Hamling, I.J. 2018 Coseismic rupture and preliminary slip estimates for the Papatea Fault and its role in the 2016 Mw 7.8 Kaikoura, New Zealand, earthquake. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 108(3B): 1596-1622; doi: 10.1785/0120170336

Hamling, I.J.; Hreinsdottir, S.; Clark, K.J.; Elliot, J.; Liang, C.; Fielding, E.; Litchfield, N.J.; Villamor, P.; Wallace, L.M.; Wright, T.J.; D'Anastasio, E.; Bannister, S.; Burbidge, D.R.; Denys, P.; Gentle, P.; Howarth, J.D.; Mueller, C.; Palmer, N.G.; Pearson, C.; Power, W.L.; Barnes, P.; Barrell, D.J.A.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Langridge, R.M.; Little, T.; Nicol, A.; Pettinga, J.; Rowland, J.; Stirling, M.W. 2017 Complex multifault rupture during the 2016 Mw 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake, New Zealand. Science, 356(6334): eaam7194; doi: 10.1126/science.aam7194

Langridge, R.M.; Ries, W.F.; Dolan, J.F.; Schermer, E.R.; Siddoway, C. 2017 Slip rate estimates and slip gradient for the Alpine Fault at Calf Paddock, Maruia River, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 60(2): 73-88; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2016.1275707

Stirling, M.W.; Litchfield, N.J.; Villamor, P.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Nicol, A.; Pettinga, J.; Barnes, P.; Langridge, R.M.; Little, T.; Barrell, D.J.A.; Mountjoy, J.; Ries, W.F.; Rowland, J.; Fenton, C.; Hamling, I.J.; Asher, C.; Barrier, A.; Benson, A.; Bischoff, A.; Borella, J.; Carne, R.; Cochran, U.A.; Cockroft, M.; Cox, S.C.; Duke, G.; Fenton, F.; Gasston, C.; Grimshaw, C.; Hale, D.; Hall, B.; Hao, K.X.; Hatem, A.; Hemphill-Haley, M.; Heron, D.W.; Howarth, J.D.; Juniper, Z.; Kane, T.; Kearse, J.; Khajavi, N.; Lamarche, G.; Lawson, S.; Lukovic, B.; Madugo, C.; Manousakis, J.; McColl, S.T.; Noble, D.; Pedley, K.; Sauer, K.; Stahl, T.; Strong, D.T.; Townsend, D.B.; Toy, V.G.; Villeneuve, M.; Wandres, A.; Williams, J.; Woelz, S.; Zinke, R. 2017 The Mw7.8 Kaikoura earthquake : surface fault rupture and seismic hazard context. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 50(2): 73-84

Sutherland, R.; Townend, J.; Toy, V.G.; Upton, P.; Coussens, J.; Allen, M.; Baratin, L.-M.; Barth, N.; Becroft, L.; Boese, C.; Boles, A.; Boulton, C.; Broderick, N.G.R.; Janku-Capova, L.; Carpenter, B.M.; Célérier, B.; Chamberlain, C.; Cooper, A.; Coutts, A.; Cox, S.C.; Craw, L.; Doan, M.-L.; Eccles, J.; Faulkner, D.; Grieve, J.; Grochowski, J.; Gulley, A.; Hartog, A.; Howarth, J.D.; Jacobs, K.M.; Jeppsen, T.; Kato, N.; Keys, S.; Kirilova, M.; Kometani, Y.; Langridge, R.M.; Lin, W.; Little, T.; Lukacs, A.; Mallyon, D.; Mariani, E.; Massiot, C.; Mathewson, L.; Melosh, B.; Menzies, C.; Moore, J.; Morales, L.; Morgan, C.; Mori, H.; Niemeijer, A.; Nishikawa, O.; Prior, D.; Sauer, K.; Savage, M.K.; Schleicher, A.; Schmitt, D.R.; Shigematsu, N.; Taylor-Offord, S.; Teagle, D.; Tobin, H.; Valdez, R.; Weaver, K.; Wiersberg, T.; Williams, J.; Woodman, N.; Zimmer, M. 2017 Extreme hydrothermal conditions at an active plate-bounding fault. Nature, 546: 137-140; doi: 10.1038/nature22355

Howarth, J.D.; Fitzsimons, S.J.; Norris, R.J.; Langridge, R.M.; Vandergoes, M.J. 2016 A 2000 yr rupture history for the Alpine fault derived from Lake Ellery, South Island, New Zealand. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 128(3/4): 627-643; doi: 10.1130/B31300.1

Khajavi, N.; Langridge, R.M.; Quigley, M.C.; Smart, C.; Rezanejad, A.; Martin-Gonzalez, F. 2016 Late Holocene rupture behavior and earthquake chronology on the Hope fault, New Zealand. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 128(11/12): 1736-1761; doi: 10.1130/B31199.1

Langridge, R.M.; Ries, W.F.; Litchfield, N.J.; Villamor, P.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Barrell, D.J.A.; Rattenbury, M.S.; Heron, D.W.; Haubrock, S.N.; Townsend, D.B.; Lee, J.M.; Berryman, K.R.; Nicol, A.; Cox, S.C.; Stirling, M.W. 2016 The New Zealand Active Faults Database. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 59(1): 86-96; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2015.1112818

Villamor, P.; Almond, P.; Tuttle, M.; Giona-Bucci, M.; Langridge, R.M.; Clark, K.J.; Ries, W.F.; Baston, S.; Eger, A.; Vandergoes, M.J.; Quigley, M.C.; Barker, P.R.; Martin, F.; Howarth, J.D. 2016 Liquefaction features produced by the 2010-2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence in southwest Christchurch, New Zealand and preliminary assessment of paleoliquefaction features. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 106(4): 1747-1771; doi: 10.1785/0120150223

Biasi, G.P.; Langridge, R.M.; Berryman, K.R.; Clark, K.J.; Cochran, U.A. 2015 Maximum-likelihood recurrence parameters and conditional probability of a ground-rupturing earthquake on the southern Alpine Fault, South Island, New Zealand. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 105(1): 94-106; doi: 10.1785/0120130259

Christophersen, A.; Litchfield, N.J.; Berryman, K.R.; Thomas, R.; Basili, R.; Wallace, L.M.; Ries, W.F.; Hayes, G.P.; Haller, K.M.; Yoshioka, T.; Koehler, R.D.; Clark, D.; Wolfson-Schwehr, M.; Boettcher, M.S.; Villamor, P.; Horspool, N.A.; Ornthammarath, T.; Zuniga, R.; Langridge, R.M.; Stirling, M.W.; Goded, T.; Costa, C.; Yeats, R. 2015 Development of the Global Earthquake Model's neotectonic fault database. Natural hazards, 79(1): 111-135; doi: 10.1007/s11069-015-1831-6

Zinke, R.; Dolan, J.F.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Grenader, J.R.; Rhodes, E.J.; McGuire, C.P.; Langridge, R.M.; Nicol, A.; Hatem, A.E. 2015 Evolution and progressive geomorphic manifestation of surface faulting : a comparison of the Wairau and Awatere faults, South Island, New Zealand. Geology, 43(11): 1019-1022; doi: 10.1130/G37065.1

Khajavi, N.; Quigley, M.; Langridge, R.M. 2014 Influence of topography and basement depth on surface rupture morphology revealed from LiDAR and field mapping, Hope Fault, New Zealand. Tectonophysics, 630: 265-284; doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2014.05.032

Langridge, R.M.; Ries, W.F.; Farrier, T.; Barth, N.C.; Khajavi, N.; De Pascale, G.P. 2014 Developing sub 5-m LiDAR DEMs for forested sections of the Alpine and Hope faults, South Island, New Zealand : implications for structural interpretations. Journal of Structural Geology, 64: 53-66; doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2013.11.007

Litchfield, N.J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Sutherland, R.; Barnes, P.M.; Cox, S.C.; Norris, R.; Beavan, R.J.; Langridge, R.M.; Villamor, P.; Berryman, K.R.; Stirling, M.W.; Nicol, A.; Nodder, S.; Lamarche, G.; Barrell, D.J.A.; Pettinga, J.R.; Little, T.; Pondard, N.; Mountjoy, J.J.; Clark, K.J. 2014 A model of active faulting in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 57(1): 32-56; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2013.854256

Langridge, R.M.; Almond, P.C.; Duncan, R.P. 2013 Timing of late Holocene paleoearthquakes on the Hurunui segment of the Hope fault : implications for plate boundary strain release through South Island, New Zealand. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 125(5-6): 756-776; doi: 10.1130/B30674.1

Langridge, R.M.; Persaud, M.; Zuniga, F.R.; de Jesus Aguirre-Diaz, G.; Villamor, P.; Lacan, P. 2013 Preliminary paleoseismic results from the Pastores fault and its role in the seismic hazard of the Acambay graben, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, 30(3): 463-481

Barth, N.C.; Toy, V.G.; Langridge, R.M.; Norris, R.J. 2012 Scale dependence of oblique plate-boundary partitioning : New insights from LiDAR, central Alpine fault, New Zealand. Lithosphere, 4(5): 435-448; doi: 10.1130/L201.1

Berryman, K.R.; Cochran, U.A.; Clark, K.J.; Biasi, G.P.; Langridge, R.M.; Villamor, P. 2012 Major earthquakes occur regularly on an isolated plate boundary fault. Science, 336: 1690-1693; doi: 10.1126/science.1218959

Kaiser, A.E.; Holden, C.; Beavan, R.J.; Beetham, R.D.; Benites, R.A.; Celentano, A.; Collet, D.; Cousins, W.J.; Cubrinovski, M.; Dellow, G.D.; Denys, P.; Fielding, E.; Fry, B.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Langridge, R.M.; Massey, C.I.; Motagh, M.; Pondard, N.; McVerry, G.H.; Ristau, J.; Stirling, M.W.; Thomas, J.; Uma, S.R.; Zhao, J.X. 2012 The Mw 6.2 Christchurch Earthquake of February 2011 : preliminary report. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 55(1): 67-90; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2011.641182

Stirling, M.W.; McVerry, G.H.; Gerstenberger, M.C.; Litchfield, N.J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Berryman, K.R.; Barnes, P.; Wallace, L.M.; Villamor, P.; Langridge, R.M.; Lamarche, G.; Nodder, S.; Reyners, M.E.; Bradley, B.; Rhoades, D.A.; Smith, W.D.; Nicol, A.; Pettinga, J.; Clark, K.J.; Jacobs, K.M. 2012 National seismic hazard model for New Zealand : 2010 update. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 102(4): 1514-1542; doi: 10.1785/0120110170

Sutherland, R.; Toy, V.G.; Townend, J.; Cox, S.C.; Eccles, J.D.; Faulkner, D.R.; Prior, D.J.; Norris, R.J.; Mariani, E.; Boulton, C.; Carpenter, B.M.; Menzies, C.D.; Little, T.A.; Hastings, M.; De Pascale, G.P.; Langridge, R.M.; Scott, H.R.; Lindroos, Z.R.; Fleming, B.; Kopf, A.J. 2012 Drilling reveals fluid control on architecture and rupture of the Alpine fault, New Zealand. Geology, 40(12): 1143-1146; doi: 10.1130/G33614.1

Wallace, L.M.; Barnes, P.; Beavan, R.J.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Litchfield, N.J.; Mountjoy, J.; Langridge, R.M.; Lamarche, G.; Pondard, N. 2012 The kinematics of a transition from subduction to strike-slip : an example from the central New Zealand plate boundary. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, 117(2): B02405; doi: 10.1029/2011JB008640

Langridge, R.M.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Rhoades, D.A.; Villamor, P.; Little, T.; Litchfield, N.J.; Clark, K.J.; Clark, D. 2011 Five thousand years of surface ruptures on the Wellington Fault, New Zealand : implications for recurrence and fault segmentation. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 101(5): 2088-2107; doi: 10.1785/0120100340

Rhoades, D.A.; Van Dissen, R.J.; Langridge, R.M.; Little, T.A.; Ninis, D.; Smith, E.G.C.; Robinson, R. 2011 Re-evaluation of conditional probability of rupture of the Wellington-Hutt Valley segment of the Wellington Fault. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 44(2): 77-86

Langridge, R.M.; Villamor, P.; Basili, R.; Almond, P.; Martinez-Diaz, J.J.; Canora, C. 2010 Revised slip rates for the Alpine Fault at Inchbonnie : implications for plate boundary kinematics of South Island, New Zealand. Lithosphere, 2(3): 139-152; doi: 10.1130/L88.1

Rockwell, T.; Ragona, D.; Seitz, G.; Langridge, R.M.; Aksoy, M.E.; Ucarkus, G.; Ferry, M.; Meltzner, A.J.; Klinger, Y.; Meghraoui, M.; Satir, D.; Barka, A.; Akbalik, B. 2009 Palaeoseismology of the North Anatolian Fault near the Marmara Sea : implications for fault segmentation and seismic hazard. p. 31-54 IN: Reicherter, K.; Michetti, A.M.; Silva, P.G. (eds) Palaeoseismology : historical and prehistorical records of earthquake ground effects for seismic hazard assessment. London: Geological Society. Geological Society special publication 316.

Langridge, R.M.; Berryman, K.R. 2005 Morphology and slip rates of the Hurunui section of the Hope Fault, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 48(1): 43-57

Langridge, R.M.; Berryman, K.R.; Van Dissen, R.J. 2005 Defining the geometric segmentation and Holocene slip rate of the Wellington Fault, New Zealand : the Pahiatua section. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 48(4): 591-607; doi: 10.1080/00288306.2005.9515136

Langridge, R.M.; Campbell, J.; Hill, N.L.; Pere, V.; Pope, J.; Pettinga, J.; Estrada, B.; Berryman, K.R. 2003 Paleoseismology and slip rate of the Conway Segment of the Hope Fault at Greenburn Stream, South Island, New Zealand. Annals of Geophysics, 46(5): 1119-1139

Barka, A.; Akyuz, H.S.; Altunel, E.; Sunal, G.; Cakir, Z.; Dikbas, A.; Yerli, B.; Armijo, R.; Meyer, B.; de Chabalier, J.B.; Rockwell, T.; Dolan, J.R.; Hartleb, R.; Dawson, T.; Christofferson, S.; Tucker, A.; Fumal, T.; Langridge, R.M.; Stenner, H.; Lettis, W.; Bachhuber, J.; Page, W. 2002 The surface rupture and slip distribution of the 17 August 1999 Izmit earthquake (M 7.4), North Anatolian Fault. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 92(1): 43-60

Langridge, R.M.; Stenner, H.D.; Fumal, T.E.; Christofferson, S.A.; Rockwell, T.K.; Hartleb, R.D.; Bachhuber, J.; Barka, A.A. 2002 Geometry, slip distribution, and kinematics of surface rupture on the Sakarya Fault Segment during the 17 August 1999 Izmit, Turkey, earthquake. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 92(1): 107-125

Langridge, R.M.; Weldon, R.J.; Moya, J.C.; Suarez, G. 2000 Paleoseismology of the 1912 Acambay earthquake and the Acambay-Tixmadeje fault, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, 105(B2): 3019-3037

  Image of Robert Langridge