GNS Science NZ catalogue of fossil spores and
pollen

New Zealand fossil spores and pollen:
An illustrated catalogue

J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy


Ligulifloridites sp.

Illustrations:


Couper 1960, pl. 9, fig. 4 ("Taraxacum" type)

IGNS taxon number: 829.

Turmal classification (after Burger 1994): Anteturma POLLENITES; Turma TRICOLPORATES.

Synonymy:

1960 Taraxacum sp.; Couper & Harris p. 22.

1960 "Taraxacum" type; Couper, p. 60, pl. 9, fig. 4.

1964 Compositae (Liguliflorae); Harris p. 312.

1968 Fenestrites spinosus van der Hammen ex Germeraad et al. p. 319, pl. 12, fig. 1.

1973 Compositae cf. Tribe Cichorieae; Martin p. 27, fig. 114, 115.

1975 Compositae (Liguliflorae); Mildenhall p. 678.

1986 Compositae (Liguliflorae); Mildenhall & Pocknall pp. 7, 8, 16, 21.

1988 Compositae (Liguliflorae); Nelson et al. p. 31.

1989 Compositae (Liguliflorae); Mildenhall & Pocknall pp. 25, 27.

1993 Fenestrites sp. (Asteraceae, Liguliflorae); Macphail et al. p. 694, fig. 37.

1999 Fenestrites sp.; Macphail p. 227, pl. 10, fig. 20.

Natural affinity: Dicotyledonae: Asteraceae Tribe Cichorieae (Taraxacum type).

NZ age range: Neogene to Modern.

Brief description: Pollen. Tricolporate.


Cite this publication as: "J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy (2011). New Zealand fossil spores and pollen: an illustrated catalogue. 4th edition. GNS Science miscellaneous series no. 4. http://data.gns.cri.nz/sporepollen/index.htm".
© GNS Science, 2011
ISBN 978-0-478-19871-3
ISSN 1177-2441
(Available also in CD version from: Publications Officer, GNS Science, P.O. Box 30368 Lower Hutt, New Zealand)

DELTA Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993, 1999) should also be cited (see References).

Index