GNS Science NZ catalogue of fossil spores and

New Zealand fossil spores and pollen:
An illustrated catalogue

J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy

Hypolepis spinysporis Martin 1973

IGNS taxon number: 6.

Turmal classification (after Burger 1994): Anteturma SPORITES; Turma MONOLETES; Suprasubturma ACAVATOMONOLETES; Subturma AZONOMONOLETES; Infraturma APICULATIMONOLETI.


1953 Hypolepis cf. tenuifolia Bernh.; Couper p. 23.

1973 Hypolepis spinysporis Martin p. 8, figs 23, 24.

Natural affinity: Filicopsida: Dennstaedtiaceae [Hypolepis millefolium Hook., H. tenuifolia (Forster f.), H. punctata (Thunb.)].

NZ age range: Neogene.

Brief description: Spore. Monolete. Outline in polar view oval.

Cite this publication as: "J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy (2011). New Zealand fossil spores and pollen: an illustrated catalogue. 4th edition. GNS Science miscellaneous series no. 4.".
© GNS Science, 2011
ISBN 978-0-478-19871-3
ISSN 1177-2441
(Available also in CD version from: Publications Officer, GNS Science, P.O. Box 30368 Lower Hutt, New Zealand)

DELTA Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993, 1999) should also be cited (see References).