GNS Science NZ catalogue of fossil spores and

New Zealand fossil spores and pollen:
An illustrated catalogue

J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy

Rugaletes intestiniformis Zhang & Grant-Mackie 1997


Zhang & Grant-Mackie 2001, fig. 25N

Zhang & Grant-Mackie 2001, fig. 25O

IGNS taxon number: 421.

Turmal classification (after Burger 1994): Anteturma POLLENITES; Turma ALETES-INAPERTURATES; Suprasubturma ACAVATALETES; Subturma AZONALETES; Infraturma MURORNATI.


1997 Rugaletes intestiniformis Zhang & Grant-Mackie pp. 20, 46, 64, pl. 2, figs 17, 18.

2001 Ruguletes intestiniformis Zhang & Grant-Mackie; Zhang & Grant-Mackie p. 662, figs 25N, 25O.

Natural affinity: Gymnospermopsida?.

NZ age range: Triassic to Jurassic (boundary zones).

Brief description: Pollen. Alete.

Cite this publication as: "J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy (2011). New Zealand fossil spores and pollen: an illustrated catalogue. 4th edition. GNS Science miscellaneous series no. 4.".
© GNS Science, 2011
ISBN 978-0-478-19871-3
ISSN 1177-2441
(Available also in CD version from: Publications Officer, GNS Science, P.O. Box 30368 Lower Hutt, New Zealand)

DELTA Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993, 1999) should also be cited (see References).