GNS Science NZ catalogue of fossil spores and
pollen

New Zealand fossil spores and pollen:
An illustrated catalogue

J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy


Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina 1953) Bolkhovitina 1966

Illustrations:


Raine et al. 1981, pl. 5, fig. 18
.

Pocknall & Tremain 1988, fig. 7.13B
.

Mildenhall 1994 pl. 2, fig. 8
.

Mildenhall 1994 pl. 2, fig. 9
.

Willumsen & Vajda 2010, fig. 6C (scale bar 10 um)

IGNS taxon number: 233.

Turmal classification (after Burger 1994): Anteturma SPORITES; Turma TRILETES; Suprasubturma ACAVATITRILETES; Subturma TRICRASSATI; Infraturma LAEVIGATI.

Synonymy:

1953 Gleichenia triplex Bolkhovitina p. 54, pl. 8, figs 10-13.

1959 Gleicheniidites (Triplexisporis) triplex (Bolkhovitina) Krutzsch p. 114.

1960 Gleichenia triplex Bolkhovitina; Bolkhovitina in Pokrovskaya & Stelmak p. 116, pl. 2, fig. 1.

1961 Gleicheniidites triplex (Bolkhovitina) Grigoryeva in Samoilovitch et al. p. 63, pl. 16, figs 8-10.

non 1965 ?Gleicheniidites triplex (Bolkhovitina) Grigoryeva; McGregor p. 30, pl. 10, fig. 3.

1965 Gleicheniidites (Triplexisporis) triplex (Bolkhovitina) Krutzsch; Doring p. 30, pl. 7, figs 11-13.

1966 Gleichenia triplex Bolkhovitina; Pokrovskaya p. 145, pl. 84, fig. 8; pl. 87, fig. 7.

1966 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina p. 68, pl. 1, figs 6a-6c.

1968 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Bolkhovitina p. 46, pl. 11, figs 23-30; pl. 12, figs 1-15.

1968 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Dettmann & Playford p. 77, pl. 6, figs 6-8.

1970 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Kemp p. 104, pl. 18, figs 13, 16, 17.

1971 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Herngreen p. 288, pl. 1, fig. 5.

1972 Clavifera cf. C. triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Azema et al. p. 29, pl. 8, figs 5, 7, 8.

1973 Gleichenia triplex Bolkhovitina; Bityutskaya et al. pp. 106-107, 112-113, pl. 12, fig. 24 (cf.); pl. 15, fig. 15.

1973 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Shvetsova p. 165, pl. 2, fig. 15.

1973 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Lapteva p. 168, pl. 1, figs 27-29.

1973 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Mamczar p. 173, pl. 1, fig. 4.

1973 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Archangelsky pp. 348-350, pl. 2, figs 4-6.

1974 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Harris p. 511, pl. 1, fig. 10.

1974 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolk; Hopkins p. 16, pl. 4, fig. 39.

1975 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Playford et al. ppp. 348-349, fig. 4.2.

1975 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Burger in Norvick & Burger p. 126, pl. 22, figs 11, 12.

1977 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Hedlund & Beju pp. 822-823, pl. 1, fig. 4.

1977 Gleicheniidites triplex (Bolkhovitina) Krutzsch; Dorhofer p. 20, pl. 2, fig. 8.

1979 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina); Batten pp. 584, 587, pl. 2, fig. 11.

1980 Clavifera triplex Bolkhovitina; Chlonova p. 142, pl. 2, fig. 3.

1981 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Raine et al. pp. 258-259, pl. 5, fig. 18.

1981 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Herngreen & Chlonova pp. 446-447, 456-457, pl. 1, fig. 1; pl. 4, fig. 3.

1981 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Waksmundzska p. 267, pl. 22, figs 4, 5, 7.

1983 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Truswell p. 142, pl. 1, fig. 9.

1983 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina); Bratseva pp. 912, 920, pl. 5, fig. 13.

1984 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Raine p. 10.

1987 Clavifera triplex; Helby et al. pp. 54, 56, figs 34I, 35S.

1988 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Papu p. 81, pl. 1, fig. 12; pl. 2, figs 1, 2.

1988 Clavifera triplex; Raine & Wilson p. 388.

1988 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina); Raine in Pocknall & Tremain p. 93, fig. 7.13B.

1988 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Kemp [sic.]; Thurow et al. p. 634, pl. 8, fig. 18.

1988 Gleicheniidites triplex (Bolkhovitina) Krutzsch; Pantic & Isler p. 224, pl. 1, fig. 11.

1989 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Askin p. 113, fig. 5(2).

1989 Clavifera triplex; Browne & MacKinnon text-figs 10-13.

1990 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Askin p. 150, pl. 1, fig. 15.

1990 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Cao p. 146, pl. 1, figs 4-6.

1991 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Dybkjaer p. 96 (caved), pl. 7, fig. 10.

1991 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Baldoni pp. 85-86, pl. 1, fig. 6.

1992 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Mohr & Gee p. 304,pl. 9, fig. 7.

1992 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Mohr & Gee p. 239, fig. 16h.

1992 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Alley & Clarke p. 118, fig. 4G.

1992 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Baldoni pp. 124, 126, pl. 1, fig. 2.

1993 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Avram et al. pp. 286-287, fig. 10k.

1994 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Mildenhall pp. 11, 52, pl. 2, fig. 8, 9.

1998 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Song p. 346, pl. 2, figs 2-6.

1999 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Barreda et al. p. 62, pl. 3, figs 2, 3, 6.

2000 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Song et al. p. 71, pl. 4, fig. 38 (with additional synonymy).

2001 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Vajda p. 419, fig. 12B.

2001 Clavifera triplex Bolkhovitina; Waksmundzka p. 214, pl. 2, fig. 5.

2002 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Papu p. 420, fig. 3E.

2003 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Mohr et al. p. 37, pl. P7, fig. 7.

2005 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Li et al. p. 613, fig. 6F.

2007 Clavifera triplex Bolkhovitina; Palma-Heldt et al. p. 3, fig. 2b.

2008 Clavifera cf. C. triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Llorens p. 281, fig. 2.10.

2009 Clavifera triplex (Bolkhovitina) Bolkhovitina; Truswell & Macphail p. 69, fig. 33.

2010 Clavifera triplex; Willumsen & Vajda p. 534, fig. 6C.

Natural affinity: Filicopsida: Gleicheniaceae.

NZ age range: Cretaceous to Paleogene.

Brief description: Spore. Equatorially tricrassate. Trilete.


Cite this publication as: "J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy (2011). New Zealand fossil spores and pollen: an illustrated catalogue. 4th edition. GNS Science miscellaneous series no. 4. http://data.gns.cri.nz/sporepollen/index.htm".
© GNS Science, 2011
ISBN 978-0-478-19871-3
ISSN 1177-2441
(Available also in CD version from: Publications Officer, GNS Science, P.O. Box 30368 Lower Hutt, New Zealand)

DELTA Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993, 1999) should also be cited (see References).

Index