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Project background

A full report outlining the methodology used to develop this toolkit will be available here in the near future.

Wendy Saunders

Wendy Saunders, PhD, MNZPI
As a member of the GNS Science Social Science team, Wendy has been providing guidance and advice to land use planners on natural hazard management since 2006. Prior to joining GNS Science, Wendy was a land use planner for Opus International Consultants, and a hazards and emergency management officer for the Wellington Regional Council. Wendy recently completed her PhD on risk-based land use planning; and co-authored the GNS Science report on the implications of proposed changes to the Resource Management Act 1991 on planning for natural hazards.

James Beban

James Beban
James is a land use planner with over 10 years experience in local government and private industry. In these roles, James has prepared and processed a wide variety of resource consent applications and Plan change applications. James has also co-authored a number of publications regarding land use planning and the management of natural hazards, including the GNS Science report on the implications of proposed changes to the Resource Management Act 1991 on planning for natural hazards. James has been involved in the further development of the risk-based land use planning approach with Wendy Saunders.

Margaret Kilvington

Margaret Kilvington, PhD
Margaret works as an independent social researcher, evaluator and facilitator. She has over 14 years’ experience in the area of community engagement and response to complex environmental issues. Margaret specialises in participatory processes of environmental management, policy development and planning; integration of science research and information; the collaborative generation of knowledge in environmental problem solving; formative and participatory evaluation processes; and learning for behaviour change in environmental problem solving.

The project has been funded and supported by the following agencies:

  • GNS Science, a Crown Research Institute (CRI) and New Zealand’s leading supplier of natural hazards research (http://www.gns.cri.nz);
  • The Natural Hazards Research Platform - a multi-party research platform funded by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE), that is dedicated to increasing New Zealand's resilience to Natural Hazards via high quality collaborative research (http://www.naturalhazards.org.nz) and
  • Envirolink (http://www.envirolink.govt.nz), which funds (via MBIE) research organisations (including CRI’s) to provide regional councils with advice and support for research on identified environmental topics and projects. This project was sponsored by Hawke’s Bay Regional Council.

The consequence table has been developed over the last six years (2007-2013). The underlying principles of the risk-based approach in the Envirolink project is based on the PhD thesis by Saunders (2012), with further development occurring as part of this project. The formation of the risk-based approach and table is based on the risk management principles (Standards Australia/New Zealand, 2004, 2009; Standards New Zealand, 2004), and the legislative requirements of New Zealand (e.g. Resource Management Act 1991, Civil Defence Emergency Management Act 2002, Local Government Act 2002). As such, the consequence table reflects the Health and safety, economic, and social/cultural ‘well-beings’.

The consequence table was developed within the above framework using two recognised methodologies (International Electrotechnical Commission, 2009):

1. expert opinion; and
2. use of relevant historical data for hind-testing. An international literature review has also been undertaken to inform the risk-based approach. The framework and table have been workshopped with Auckland, Bay of Plenty, and Hawke’s Bay councils, and planners from around the country have had input in developing the process, as required. The approach has been peer reviewed by the Steering Group (details below), within GNS Science, and informally by international experts.

As part of the project a Steering Group was formed, made up of representatives from the following organisations:

- Ministry of Civil Defence Emergency Management - Ministry for the Environment
- Local Government New Zealand - EQC
- Massey University - Bay of Plenty Regional Council
- Hawke’s Bay Regional Council - Thames-Coromandel District Council
- Auckland Council - Brendan Morris Consulting Ltd