Home / Our Science / Energy Futures / Gas Hydrates / Recent Publications

Recent Publications


Higgs, B., Mountjoy, J.J., Crutchley, G.J., Townend, J., Ladroit, Y., Greinert, J., McGovern, C., 2019. Seep-bubble characteristics and gas flow rates from a shallow-water, high-density seep field on the shelf-to-slope transition of the Hikurangi subduction margin. Mar. Geol. 417, 105985. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MARGEO.2019.105985

Hillman, J I T (2019) Fiery Ice – Gas Hydrates, Frontiers for Young Minds, Vol. 7(96), https://kids.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/frym.2019.00096

Hillman, J I T (2019) Mapping the oceans, Frontiers for Young Minds, Vol. 7(25), https://doi.org/10.3389/frym.2019.00025   
Hoffmann, J.J.L., Gorman, A.R., Crutchley, G.J., 2019. Seismic evidence for repeated vertical fluid flow through polygonally faulted strata in the Canterbury Basin, New Zealand. Mar. Pet. Geol. 109, 317–329. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MARPETGEO.2019.06.025


Carey, J.M., Crutchley, G.J., Mountjoy, J.J., Petley, D.N., McSaveney, M.J., Lyndsell, B., 2018. Slow episodic movement driven by elevated pore-fluid pressures in shallow subaqueous slopes. Geomorphology. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.GEOMORPH.2018.12.034

Crutchley, G.J., Kroeger, K.F., Pecher, I.A., Gorman, A.R., 2018. How tectonic folding influences gas hydrate formation: New Zealand’s Hikurangi subduction margin. Geology 47, 39–42. https://doi.org/10.1130/g45151.1

Gross, F., Mountjoy, J.J., Crutchley, G.J., Böttner, C., Koch, S., Bialas, J., Pecher, I., Woelz, S., Dannowski, A., Micallef, A., Huhn, K., Krastel, S., 2018. Free gas distribution and basal shear zone development in a subaqueous landslide – Insight from 3D seismic imaging of the Tuaheni Landslide Complex, New Zealand. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 502, 231–243. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.EPSL.2018.09.002

Jess I. T. Hillman, Ingo Klaucke, Ingo A. Pecher, Andrew R. Gorman, Jens Schneider von Deimling, Joerg Bialas, 2018. The influence of submarine currents associated with the Subtropical Front upon seafloor depression morphologies on the eastern passive margin of South Island, New Zealand. New Zeal. J. Geol. Geophys. https://doi.org/10.1080/00288306.2018.1434801

Klaucke, I., Sarkar, S., Bialas, J., Berndt, C., Dannowski, A., Dumke, I., Hillman, J., Koch, S., Nodder, S.D., Papenberg, C., Schneider von Deimling, J., 2018. Giant depressions on the Chatham Rise offshore New Zealand – Morphology, structure and possible relation to fluid expulsion and bottom currents. Mar. Geol. 399. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2018.02.011

Riedel, M., Crutchley, G., Koch, S., Berndt, C., Bialas, J., Eisenberg-Klein, G., Prüßmann, J., Papenberg, C., Klaeschen, D., 2018. Elongate fluid flow structures: Stress control on gas migration at Opouawe Bank, New Zealand. Mar. Pet. Geol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.03.029


Crutchley, G.J., Kroeger, K.F., Pecher, I.A., Mountjoy, J.J., Gorman, A.R., 2017. Gas Hydrate Formation Amid Submarine Canyon Incision: Investigations From New Zealand’s Hikurangi Subduction Margin. Geochemistry, Geophys. Geosystems. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GC007021

Hillman, J.I.T., Lamarche, G., Pallentin, A., Pecher, I.A., Gorman, A.R., Schneider von Deimling, J., 2017. Validation of automated supervised segmentation of multibeam backscatter data from the Chatham Rise, New Zealand. Mar. Geophys. Res. 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11001-016-9297-9

Pecher, I.A., Villinger, H., Kaul, N., Crutchley, G.J., Mountjoy, J.J., Huhn, K., Kukowski, N., Henrys, S.A., Rose, P.S., Coffin, R.B., 2017. A Fluid Pulse on the Hikurangi Subduction Margin: Evidence From a Heat Flux Transect Across the Upper Limit of Gas Hydrate Stability. Geophys. Res. Lett. 44, 12,385-12,395. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL076368

Wang, H., Crutchley, G.J., Stern, T., 2017. Gas hydrate formation in compressional, extensional and un-faulted structural settings – Examples from New Zealand’s Hikurangi margin. Mar. Pet. Geol. 88, 69–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2017.08.001


Kroeger, K. F., Crutchley, G. J., Hill, M., & Pecher, I. A. (2017). Potential for gas hydrate formation at the northwest New Zealand shelf margin - New insights from seismic reflection data and petroleum systems modelling. Marine and Petroleum Geology.
Waghorn, K. A., Pecher, I., Strachan, L. J., Crutchley, G., Bialas, J., Coffin, R., Davy, B., Koch, S., Kroeger, K., Papenberg, C., Sarkar, S., SO226 Scientific Party (2017). Paleo‐fluid expulsion and contouritic drift formation on the Chatham Rise, New Zealand. Basin Research.


Luo, M., Dale, A. W., Haffert, L., Haeckel, M., Koch, S., Crutchley, G., ... & Greinert, J. (2016). A quantitative assessment of methane cycling in Hikurangi Margin sediments (New Zealand) using geophysical imaging and biogeochemical modeling. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems

Fraser, D. R., Gorman, A. R., Pecher, I. A., Crutchley, G. J., & Henrys, S. A. (2016). Gas hydrate accumulations related to focused fluid flow in the Pegasus Basin, southern Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 77, 399-408

Bai, H., I. A. Pecher , L. Adam, and B. Field, Possible link between weak bottom simulating reflections and gas hydrate systems in fractures and macropores of fine-grained sediments: Results from the Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand.   Mar. Petrol. Geol., 71, 225-237, doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2015.12.007, 2016

Crutchley, G.J., Maslen, G., Pecher, I.A., Mountjoy, J.J. 201&, High-resolution seismic velocity analysis as a tool for exploring gas hydrate systems: An example from New Zealand’s southern Hikurangi margin. Interpretation. Doi: 10.1190/INT-2015-0042.1.

Boswell, R., Bünz, S., Collett, T. S., Frye, M., Fujii, T., McConnell, D., Meinert, J., Pecher, I., Reichel, T., Ryu, B-J. (2016). Introduction to special section: Exploration and characterization of gas hydrates.


Micallef, A., Mountjoy, J. J., Krastel, S., Crutchley, G., and Koch, S., 2015, Shallow gas and the development of a weak layer in submarine spreading. 7th Edition of Submarine Mas Movements and Their Consequences, Edited book published by Springer.

Crutchley, G.J., Joshu J. Mountjoy, Ingo A. Pecher, Andrew R. Gorman, Stuart A. Henrys. 2015. Submarine slope instabilities coincident with shallow gas hydrate systems: insights from New Zealand examples. 7th Edition of Submarine Mas Movements and Their Consequences, Edited book published by Springer.

Crutchley, G. J., Fraser, D. R. A., Pecher, I. A., Gorman, A. R., Maslen, G., and Henrys, S. A., 2015, Gas migration into gas hydrate-bearing sediments on the southern Hikurangi margin of New Zealand: Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, v. 120, no. 2, p. 725-743; doi: 710.1002/2014JB011503.

Hillman, J. I. T., Gorman, A. R., and Pecher, I. A., 2015, Geostatistical analysis of seafloor depressions on the southeast margin of New Zealand's South Island : investigating the impact of dynamic near seafloor processes on geomorphology: Marine Geology, v. 360, p. 70-83; doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2014.1011.1016

Kroeger, K. F., Plaza-Faverola, A., Barnes, P. M., and Pecher, I. A., 2015, Thermal evolution of the New Zealand Hikurangi subduction margin : impact on natural gas generation and methane hydrate formation – a model study: Marine and petroleum geology, v. 63, p. 97-114; doi:110.1016/j.marpetgeo.2015.1001.1020

Koch, S., Berndt, C., Bialas, J., Haeckel, M., Crutchley, G., Papenberg, C., ... & Greinert, J. (2015). Gas-controlled seafloor doming. Geology, 43(7), 571-574.


Plaza-Faverola, A., Ingo Pecher, Gareth Crutchley, Philip M. Barnes, Stefan Bünz, Thomas Golding, Dirk Klaeschen, Cord Papenberg, Joerg Bialas. 2014. Submarine gas seepage in a mixed contractional and shear deformation regime: Cases from the Hikurangi oblique-subduction margin. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 12/2013; 15(2). DOI:10.1002/2013GC005082

Archer, R., L. Abraham, I.A. Pecher, M. Fohrmann. 2014. Modelling gas hydrate production potential in the Hikurangi margin. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 01/2014; 57(1). DOI:10.1080/00288306.2013.854813

Mountjoy, J. J., Pecher, I., Henrys, S., Crutchley, G., Barnes, P. M., & Plaza‐Faverola, A. (2014). Shallow methane hydrate system controls ongoing, downslope sediment transport in a low‐velocity active submarine landslide complex, Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 15(11), 4137-4156.

Coffin, R. B., Hamdan, L. J., Smith, J. P., Rose, P. S., Plummer, R. E., Yoza, B., Pecher, I., Montgomery, M. T. (2014). Contribution of vertical methane flux to shallow sediment carbon pools across porangahau ridge, New Zealand. Energies, 7(8), 5332-5356.


Krabbenhoeft, A., Bialas, J., Klaucke, I., Crutchley, G., Papenberg, C., & Netzeband, G. L. (2013). Patterns of subsurface fluid-flow at cold seeps: The Hikurangi Margin, offshore New Zealand. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 39(1), 59-73.


Fohrmann, M., I.A. Pecher. 2012. Analysing sand-dominated channel systems for potential gas-hydrate-reservoirs using an AVO seismic inversion technique on the Southern Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand. Marine and Petroleum Geology 12/2012; 38(1):19–34. DOI:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2012.08.001

Plaza-Faverola, A., Dirk Klaeschen, Philip Barnes, Ingo Pecher, Stuart Henrys, Joshu Mountjoy. 201. Evolution of fluid expulsion and concentrated hydrate zones across the southern Hikurangi subduction margin, New Zealand: An analysis from depth migrated seismic data. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems 08/2012; 13(8):8018-. DOI:10.1029/2012GC004228

Navalpakam, R.S., Ingo A. Pecher, Tim Stern. 2012. Weak and segmented bottom simulating reflections on the Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand — Implications for gas hydrate reservoir rocks. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 06/2012; s 88–89:29–40. DOI:10.1016/j.petrol.2012.01.008


Pecher, I.A., and the GHR Working Group, Gas Hydrates in New Zealand – A Large Resource for a Small Country? Fire in the Ice newsletter, U.S. Dept. of Energy, January 2011


Crutchley GJ, Pecher IA, Gorman AR, Henrys S, Greinert J 2010a. Seismic imaging of gas conduits beneath seafloor vent sites in a shallow marine gas hydrate province, Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand. Mar. Geol. 272(1-4): 114-126.

Crutchley GJ, Geiger S, Pecher IA, Gorman AR, Zhu H, Henrys SA 2010b. The potential influence of shallow gas and gas hydrates on seafloor erosion of Rock Garden, an uplifted ridge offshore of New Zealand. Geo Mar. Lett. 30(3-4): 283-303.

Greinert J, Lewis KB, Bialas J, Pecher IA, Rowden A, Bowden DA, De Batist M, Linke P 2010a. Methane seepage along the Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand: Overview of studies in 2006 and 2007 and new evidence from visual, bathymetric and hydroacoustic investigations. Mar. Geol. 272(1-4): 6-25.

Greinert J, Lewis KB, Bialas J, Pecher IA, Rowden A, Bowden DA, De Batist M, Linke P 2010b. Preface: Methane seeps at he Hikurangi Margin, New Zealand. Mar. Geol. 272(1-4): 1-3.

Ellis S, Pecher IA, Kukowski N, Xu W, Greinert J, Henrys S 2010. Testing proposed mechanisms for seafloor weakening at the top of gas hydrate stability, Rock Garden, New Zealand Mar. Geol. 272: 127-140.

Faure K, Greinert J, von Deimling JS, McGinnes DF, Kipfer R, Linke P 2010. Methane seepage along the Hikurangi margin of New Zealand: geochemical and physical properties of the water column. Mar. Geol. 272: 170-188.

Ogebule OY, Pecher IA 2010. Possible gas hydrates in the Northland and northern Taranaki Basins – indirect evidence from seismic data. N. Z. J. Geol. Geophys.(53): 369-373.

Pecher IA, Henrys SA, Kukowski N, Crutchley GJ, Gorman AR, Wood WT, Coffin R, Greinert J, Faure K, CHARMNZ Working Group 2010. Focussing of fluid expulsion on the Hikurangi margin, New Zealand, based on evidence for free gas in the regional gas hydrate stability zone. Mar. Geol. 272: 99-113.

Schwalenberg K, Wood WT, Pecher IA, Hamdan LJ, Henrys SA, Jegen MD, Coffin RB 2010. Preliminary interpretation of electromagnetic, heat flow, seismic, and geochemical data for gas hydrate distribution across the Porangahau Ridge, New Zealand. Mar. Geol. 272: 89-98.