GNS Science NZ catalogue of fossil spores and
pollen

New Zealand fossil spores and pollen:
An illustrated catalogue

J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy


Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly 1956

Illustrations:


de Jersey & Raine 1990, pl. 1, fig. D
.

de Jersey & Raine 1990, pl. 1, fig. E
.

Zhang & Grant-Mackie 2001, fig. 9C
.

Zhang & Grant-Mackie 2001, fig. 9D

IGNS taxon number: 69.

Turmal classification (after Burger 1994): Anteturma SPORITES; Turma TRILETES; Suprasubturma ACAVATITRILETES; Subturma AZONATI; Infraturma LAEVIGATI.

Synonymy:

1956 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly p. 244, pl. 1, figs 1-4, text-figs 1a-1f.

1959 Granulatisporites trisinus Balme & Hennelly; Pierart p. 6, fig. 3.

non 1962 Microfoveolatisporites directa (Balme & Hennelly) Bharadwaj p. 82, pl. 2, figs 45-47.

1964 Leiotriletes sp.; Bharadwaj & Salujha p. 189, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1965 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Hart p. 133, text-fig. 343.

1965 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris p. 240, figs 1b, 7, 8. Deltoidospora magna (de Jersey) Norris p. 240, figs 1c, 9, 10.

1965 Microfoveolatisporites cf. M. directa (Balme & Hennelly) Bharadwaj; McGregor p. 14, pl. 2, fig. 4.1967 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Balme & Playford pp. 180-181, pl. 1, fig. 2.

1967 Leiotriletes psilatus Kar & Bose p. 10, pl. 1, fig. 5.

1968 Leiotriletes erectus Kar p. 116, pl. 1, figs 1, 2.

1969 Leiotriletes plicatus Maheshwari & Bose p. 11, pl. 1, figs 10, 11, text-fig. 3.

1970 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Segroves pp. 48-49, pl. 1, fig. E.

1971 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Menendez p. 269, pl. 1, figs 1,2.

1972 Leiotriletes brevis pp. 176-177, pl. 1, figs 1, 2.

1972 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Filatoff pl. 2, fig. 16.

1975 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Forster p. 126, pl. 1, figs 14-17.

1976 Leiotriletes cf. directus Balme & Hennelly; Wilson p. 138.

1976 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Kyle p.121, pl. 1, fig. 8.

1977 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Foster p. 27, pl. 1, figs 4, 6.

1977 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Rigby & Hekel p. 7, pl.1, figs 4, 6.

1977 Microbaculispora plicata (Maheshwari & Bose) Anderson p. 39(9.3), pl. 45, figs 19-26; pl. 47, figs 8-12, 15-17, 20-27.

1977 Microbaculispora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Anderson p. 40(9.3), pl. 45, figs 1-18; pl. 47, figs 1-7.

1978 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Utting p. 58, pl. 1, figs 17, 18.

1978 Leiotriletes diretus Balme & Hennelly; Dibner pp. 406-407, pl. 1, fig. 2.

1979(80) Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Utting p. 174, pl. 1, fig. 2.

1981 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Hart [sic.]; Fabricio p. 76, pl. 1, figs 3, 4.

1983 Leiotriletes cf. directus Balme & Hennelly; Doubinger & Fabre pp. 96-98, pl. 1, fig. 13.

1986 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Du p. 292, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1987 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Li p. 229, pl. 1, fig. 11.

1987 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Raine p. 129.

1988 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Macrae pp. 23-24, pl. 3, figs 7-18.

1988 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Gilby & Foster p. 174, pl. 1, figs 13, ?22.

1989 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Farabee et al. p. 114, pl. 1, fig. 14.

1989 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Macrae p. 269, fig. 8.

1989 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Ottone p. 92, pl. 1, fig. 3.

1989 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Playford p. 59, figs 6.4-6.6.

1990 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; de Jersey & Raine p. 21, pl. 1, fig. D, E.

1991 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Farabee et al. pp. 357-359, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1991 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Backhouse p. 257, pl. 1, figs 3, 4.

1992 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Fielding & McLoughlin p. 645, fig. 10.1.

1993 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Balme & Backhouse pp. 352-353, pl. 77, figs 4, 5.

1995 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Lindstrom p. 30, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1995 Leiotriletes directus; Lindstrom p. 164, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1995 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Lindstrom pp. 379, 381, pl. 2, figs 3, 4.

1995 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Garcia p. 317, pl. 1, fig. 8.

1997 (?) Deltoidospora adirecta (sic.) (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Shang p. 185, pl. 1, fig. 7.

1997 Leiotriletes directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Zhang & Grant-Mackie p. 14.

1997 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Zhang & Grant-Mackie p. 14, pl. 6, figs 1, 2.

1998 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Mautino et al. pp 69, 71, pl. 1,

fig. b.

2000 Leiotriletes directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Ouyang et al. p. 220, fig. 3.2.

2000 Leiotriletes directa Balme & Hennelly; Gutierrez & Cesari p. 440, figs 1E, 1G, 1J.

2000 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Song et al. p. 23, pl. 1, fig. 3 (with additional synonymy).

2001 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Pasquo et al. p. 88, fig. 2A.

2001 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Zhang & Grant-Mackie p. 590, figs 9C, 9D.

2002 Leiotriletes cf. L. directus Balme & Hennelly; El-Nakhal et al. p. 226, pl. 1, fig. 8.

2005 Leiotriletes directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Rojo & Zavattieri p. 11, fig. 3C.

2006 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Beri et al. p. 231, fig. 2A.

2007 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Lindstrom & McLoughlin p. 95, pl. 1, fig. a.

2007 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Zhang et al. p. 16, fig. 5.4.

2007 Deltoidospora directa (Balme & Hennelly) Norris; Zavattieiri & Mego p. 486, fig. 2.1.

2008 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Vergel p. 344, fig. 1B.

2008 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Playford & Rigby p. 10, pl. 1, figs 1, 2.

2010 Leiotriletes directus Balme & Hennelly; Gutierrez et al. p. 477, fig. 7D.

Natural affinity: Filicopsida.

NZ age range: Permian to Jurassic.

Brief description: Spore. Trilete.


Cite this publication as: "J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy (2011). New Zealand fossil spores and pollen: an illustrated catalogue. 4th edition. GNS Science miscellaneous series no. 4. http://data.gns.cri.nz/sporepollen/index.htm".
© GNS Science, 2011
ISBN 978-0-478-19871-3
ISSN 1177-2441
(Available also in CD version from: Publications Officer, GNS Science, P.O. Box 30368 Lower Hutt, New Zealand)

DELTA Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993, 1999) should also be cited (see References).

Index