GNS Science NZ catalogue of fossil spores and
pollen

New Zealand fossil spores and pollen:
An illustrated catalogue

J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy


Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster 1946) Dettmann 1963

Illustrations:


Couper 1953: pl. 1, fig. 1.
.

Norris 1968, fig. 7
.

Raine 1987, pl. 2, fig. 9
.

Pocknall & Lindqvist 1988, pl. 1, fig. 22
.

de Jersey & Raine 1990, pl. 1, fig. K
.

Mildenhall et al. 1992, pl. 1, fig. 1(as Sphagnum (Stereisporites))
.

Zhang & Grant-Mackie 2001, fig. 10K
.

Zhang & Grant-Mackie 2001, fig. 10L
.

Vajda & Raine 2003, fig. 5M
.

Vajda & Raine 2010, fig. 5A
.

Willumsen & Vajda 2010, fig. 6A (scale bar 10 um)

IGNS taxon number: 265.

Turmal classification (after Burger 1994): Anteturma SPORITES; Turma TRILETES; Suprasubturma ACAVATITRILETES; Subturma CINGULATI; Infraturma LAEVIGATI.

Synonymy:

1946 Sphagnum antiquasporites Wilson & Webster p. 273, fig. 2.

1947 Trilites australis Cookson p. 136, pl. 15, figs 58, 59.

1951 Sphagnum sp.; Couper p. 182.

1953 Sphagnites australis (Cookson) Cookson p. 463, pl. 1, figs 1-4.

1953 cf. Sphagnites australis f. parva Cookson p. 469, pl. 2, figs 25, 26.

1953 ?Stereisporites psilatus (Ross) Pflug; Weyland & Krieger p. 10, pl. 3, figs 29, 30.

?1953 Sphagnum sp.; Couper p. 18, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1956 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Potonie p. 17.

1957 Sphagnum antiquasporites Wilson & Webster; Rouse p. 353, pl. 1, figs 32, 33; pl. 2, figs 40, 41.

1957 Sphagnites australis Cookson; Balme p. 15, pl. 1, figs 1, 2 (in part).

1959 Stereisporites australis (Cookson) Krutzsch subfsp. australis Krutzsch p. 71.

1959 Stereisporites australis (Cookson) Krutzsch subfsp. parvus Cookson; Krutzsch p. 71

1959 Stereisporites crassus (Cookson) Krutzsch p. 73 (in part).

1959 Sphagnum punctaesporites Rouse p. 308, pl. 1, figs 25, 26.

1960 Sphagnum sp.; Couper & Harris p. 20.

1961 Sphagnum australis (Cookson) Drozhastichich in Samoilovitch et al. p. 14, pl. 1, figs 2, 3.

1962 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Pocock p. 32, pl. 1, figs 1-3 (pre-empted by Potonie 1956).

1963 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Potonie; Brenner p. 41, pl. 4, fig. 1.

1963 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann p. 25, pl. 1, figs 20, 21.

1964 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; de Jersey & Paten p. 2, pl. 1, figs 1, 2.

1964 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; de Jersey p. 5, pl. 1, figs 1-3.

1964 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Potonie; von der Brelie p.124, pl. 1, fig. 10.

1964 Sphagnumsporites australis (Cookson) Potonie emend. von der Brelie p. 124, pl. 1, fig. 8.

1965 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Harris p. 79, pl. 24, fig. 20.

1965 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; McGregor p. 16, pl. 3, fig. 40.

1965 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Hill et al. pp. 20-21, pl. 10, fig. 3.

1965 Sphagnum australe parvum (auct. non Cookson) Drozhastichich in Samoilovitch et al.; Stanley p. 238, pl. 27, figs 10, 11.

1965 Sphagnum australe (Cookson) Drozhastichich; Mtchedlishvili & Samoilovitch pp. 288-289, pl. 2, fig. 1(2).

non 1965 Sphagnum antiquasporites Wilson & Webster; Stanley p. 236, pl. 27, figs 1-5.

1966 Sphagnum antiquasporites Wilson & Webster; Martin & Rouse p. 184, pl. 1, fig. 4.

1966 Sphagnum sp.; McIntyre & Norris p. 248.

1966 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Hill et al. pp. 18-19, pl. 9, fig. 3.

1967 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Norris p. 87, pl. 10, figs 10, 11.

1967 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Drugg p. 37, pl. 6, fig. 19.

non 1967 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; de Jersey & Hamilton p. 4, pl. 1, fig. 9.

1967 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Srivastava p. 137, pl. 1B.

1967 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Singh p. 282, pl. 1, fig. 12.

1967 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Potonie; Jovet-Ast pp. 76-77, fig. 41(1-3).

1968 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; de Jersey p. 5, pl. 1, fig. 6.

1968 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Norris p. 314, fig. 7.

1968 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Corna p. 233, pl. 1, fig. 7.

1969 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Norton & Hall p. 11, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1969 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Oltz p. 119, pl. 39, fig. 16.

1969 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Vagvolgyi & Hills p. 161, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1969 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Norris p. 582, pl. 102, figs 13, 14.

1970 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Habib p. 352, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1970 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Pocock p. 34, pl. 6, fig. 1.

1970 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Norris pl. 3, fig. 2 (8 in caption).

1971 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; de Jersey p. 4, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1971 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Playford p. 539, pl. 103, fig. 2.

1971 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Phillips & Felix p. 284, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1971 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Singh pp. 33-34, pl. 1, fig. 8.

1971 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Pocock; Herngreen p. 288, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1972 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Miki p. 530, pl. 1, figs 1-4.

1972 Stereisporites apolaris (Reinhardt) Miki p. 531 (in part).

1972 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Waterhouse & Norris pp. 4-5.

1972 Cingutriletes australis (Cookson) Archangelsky p. 86, pl. 6, figs 1-3.

1973 Cingutriletes antiquasporites (Cookson) Arch.; Archangelsky pp. 347-348, pl. 2, fig. 7, 8.

1973 Sphagnum antiquasporites Wilson & Webster; Hopkins & Balkwill p. 10, pl. 1, fig. 2.

1973 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Stone p. 66, pl. 10, fig. 55.

1973 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Orbell p. 7, pl. 4, fig. 11.

1974 Sphagnum antiquasporites Wilson & Webster; Hopkins p. 8, pl. 1, fig. 3.

1974 Stereisporites antiquasporites Wilson & Webster; Harris pl. 1, fig. 11.

1974 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; McKellar p. 5, pl. 1, fig. 10.

1974 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster); Burger pl. 14, fig. 8.

1974 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; McIntyre pp. 36-37, pl. 14, fig.1.

1975 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Playford et al. pp. 348-349, fig. 4(4).

1975 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Kemp pp. 620-621, pl. 6, fig. 10.

1975 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Romans p. 295, pl. 1, fig. 2.

1975 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Filatoff p. 37, pl. 1, figs 2, 3.

1975 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Brideaux & McIntyre p. 14, pl. 1, fig. 6.

1975 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Norris et al. pp. 338-339, pl. 1, fig. 8.

(?)1975 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Vigran & Thusu pp. 28-29, pl. 7, figs 2, 6.

1975 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Burger in Norwick & Burger pp. 129-130, pl. 24, figs 9, 10 (in part, non fig. 11).

1976 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Hopkins & Sweet p. 56, pl. 9, fig. 1.

1976 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster); Mildenhall p. 70, table 1.

(?)1976 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Saad & Ghazaly p. 418, pl. 2, fig. 8.

1976 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Pocock; Chlonova p. 33, pl. 3, fig. 1.

1977 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Rawat pp. 37, 39, pl. 1, fig. 8.

1978 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Kotova p. 848, pl. 1, fig. 5.

1978 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Wilson pp. 108-109, pl. 1, figs 7, 11.

1978 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; McLachlan & Pieterse pp. 872-873, pl. 1, fig. 9.

1978 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster); Mildenhall p. 661.

1979 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Hochuli & Kelts p. 908, pl. 2, figs 11-13.

1979 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Chateauneuf & Faconnier p. 355, pl. 8-6, fig. 11.

1980 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Burger p. 58, pl. 12, figs 9-12.

1980 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Mathur p. 54, pl. 1, fig. 26.

1980 Sphagnum antiquasporites Wilson & Webster; Frederiksen p. 34, pl. 4, fig. 11.

1980 Stereisporites australum (Cookson) Frederiksen p. 34, pl. 4, fig. 12 (pre-empted by Drozhastichich 1965).

1981 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Boutet p. 71, pl. 10, figs 13, 14.

1981 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Stevens p. 16, pl. 3, fig. 1.

1981 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Herngreen & Chlonova pp. 506-507, pl. 14, fig. 1.

1982 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Yu et al. p. 122, pl. 1, fig. 2.

1982 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Jarzen p. 62, pl. 1, fig. 2.

1982 Stereisporites australis (Cookson) Krutzsch; Martinez-Hernandez et al. p. 178, fig. 10e.

1983 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Truswell pp. 142-143, pl. 1, figs 1, 2.

1983 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Kotova p. 896, pl. 5, fig. 15.

1983 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Maheshwari & Jana p. 191, pl. 2, fig. 21.

1983 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Bratzeva pp. 911, 918, pl. 3, fig. 1.

1983 Cingutriletes australis (Cookson) Arch.; Bratzeva pp. 912, 922, pl. 7, fig. 5.

1984 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Scott & Srivastava p. 230, pl. 1, fig.f.

1984 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Raine p. 9.

1984 Stereisporites (Stereisporites) spp.; Raine p. 9.

1985 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Litwin p. 136, pl. 14, fig. 1.

1985 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Ilyina p. 31, pl. 1, fig. 2; pl.15, fig. 1.

1986 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Dettmann pp. 92-95, fig. 5B.

1986 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Yu p. 115, pl. 4, fig. 1.

1986 Stereisporites cf. antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Zavattieri p. 262, pl. 1, figs 7, 8.

1987 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Raine pp. 132-133, pl. 2, fig. 9.

1987 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Prabhakar p. 118, pl. 1, fig. 4.

1987 Cingutriletes australis; Baldoni & Barreda p. 96, pl. 1, fig. 3.

1987 Distverrusporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Jameossanaie p. 12, figs 6/18, 6/19.

1988 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Papu p. 68, pl. 1, fig. 10.

1988 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Volkova et al. pp. 163-164, pl. 4, fig. 13; pl. 7, figs 1, 2.

1988 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster); Pocknall & Lindqvist pp. 90, 92 (not pl. 1, fig. 22).

1988 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Backhouse p. 70, pl. 10, fig. 13.

1988 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Batten et al. p. 100, pl. 1, fig. 5.

1988 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Raine & Wilson p. 388.

1989 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Farabee et al. p. 119, pl. 2, fig. 13.

1989 Stereisporites australis (Cookson) Schulz; Weiss p. 29, pl. 2, fig. 13 (S. antiquasporites also mentioned).

1989 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Burden & Hills p. 122, pl. 8, fig. 3.

1989 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Pocknall p. 6.

1989 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster); Pocknall & Turnbull p. 378.

1989 Sphagnites australis; Brown & MacKinnon text-figs 9, 11, 13.

1990 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; de Jersey & Raine p. 22, pl. 1, fig. K.

1990 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Askin p. 146, pl. 1, figs 5, 6.

1991 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Shield p. 96, pl. 2, fig. 28.

1991 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Dybkjaer p. 19, pl. 1, fig. 12.

1991 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Shang & Li p. 359, pl. 3, fig. 5.

1991 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Mohsen p. 716, fig. 4.3.

1991 Cingutriletes australis (Cookson) Arch.; Baldoni pp. 85-86, pl. 1, fig. 9.

1991 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Pocock; Zhang & Zhan pp. 146-147, pl. 41, fig. 7.

1992 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Mohr & Gee p. 270, pl. 3, fig. 4.

1992 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Dettmann et al. p. 239, fig. 16a.

1992 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Dolding p. 318, fig. 7f.

1992 Sphagnum (Stereisporites); Mildenhall et al. pp. 28-29, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1992 Cingutriletes australis (Cookson) Arch.; Baldoni pp. 126, 128, pl. 1, fig. 11.

1993 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Kimyai pp. 104-105, pl. 1, fig. 1.

1994 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Mildenhall pp. 12, 66.

1994 Sphagnum type (S. antiquasporites Wilson & Webster)) Dettmann p. 146, fig. 8.3d.

1995 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Gregory & Hart p. 11, pl. 2, fig. 6.

1996 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Batten p. 811, pl. 1, fig. 14.

non 1996 ?Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Duane p. 262, pl. 9, fig.4.

1996 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Filatoff; Liu et al. p. 97, pl. 1, fig. 6.

1996 Stereisporites australis Cookson; Macphail p. 234, fig. 3D.

1997 Cingutriletes australis (Cookson) Archangelsky; Barreda p. 74, pl. 1, figs 4, 5.

1997 Cingutriletes australis (Cookson) Archangelsky; Acevedo et al. p. 115, pl. 2, fig. a.

1997 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Zhang & Grant-Mackie p. 14, pl. 1, fig. 10; pl. 3, fig. 4; pl. 6, fig. 11.

1998 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Potonie; Song p. 344, pl. 1, figs 1-3.

1999 Stereisporites australis (Cookson) Krutzsch; Macphail p. 209, pl. 1, fig. 14.

1999 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Liu p. 83, pl. 1, fig. 2.

2000 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Mautino & Anzotegui p. 17, fig. 3H.

2000 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Askin p. 170-171, pl. 1, fig. b.

2000 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Kimyai p. 202, pl. 1, fig. 6.

2000 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Pocock; Song et al. p. 51, pl. 14, figs 17, 25-27 (with additional synonymy).

2001 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Vajda p. 417, fig. 10E.

2001 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Zhang & Grant-Mackie p. 598, figs 10K, 10L.

2001 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Braman p. 66, pl. 4, fig. 18.

2002 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Sajjadi & Playford pp. 110-111, pl. 2, fig. 3, text-fig. 1d.

2002 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Papu p. 420, fig. 3B.

2003 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Vajda & Raine p. 261, fig. 5M.

2003 Stereisporites australis (Cookson) Krutzsch; Macphail & Truswell, p. 18, pl. P2, fig. 2.

2003 Stereisporites sp. cf. S. australis (Cookson) Krutzsch; Macphail & Truswell, p. 43, pl. P10, fig. 22.

2004 Cingutriletes australis (Cookson) Archangelsky; Zamaloa pp. 214-215, fig. 4A.

2004 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Li & Batten p. 536, fig. 4A.

2004 Stereisporites australis Cookson; Itzstein-Davey p. 173, fig. 11.6.

2006 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Warny et al. p. 170, pl. 6, fig. 6.

2006 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Pocock; Huang p. 264, pl. 1, fig. 9.

2006 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Ji & Ouyang p. 487, pl. 1, fig. 1.

2006 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Musumeci et al. p. 96, fig. 3g.

2006 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Pertusat et al. p. 103, fig. 4d.

2007 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Pocock; Huang & Li p. 187, pl. 1, fig. 12.

2008 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Zavattieiri & Mego p. 486, fig. 2.7.

2008 Stereisporites antiquasporites (WIlson & Webster) Dettmann; Zobaa et al. p. 936, figs 3E, 3F.

2009 Cingutriletes australis (Cookson) Archangelsky; Scafati et al. p. 46.

2009 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Scafati et al. pp. 47-48, fig. 8C.

2009 Stereisporites antiquasporites sensu Sajjadi & Playford; Truswell & Macphail p. 67, figs 8, 9.

2009 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Truswell & Macphail p. 67, fig. 12.

2009 Stereisporites australis (Cookson) Krutzsch; Truswell & Macphail p. 67, fig. 13.

2009 Stereisporites australis (Cookson) Krutzsch; Bonis et al. p. 380, pl. 2, fig. 11.

2009 Sphagnites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Cranwell & Srivastava p. 270, pl. 12, fig. 6.

2009 Cingutriletes australis (Cookson) Archangelsky; Nanez et al. p. 682, fig. 8.6.

2010 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Vajda & Raine p. 364, fig. 5A.

2010 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Willumsen & Vajda p. 534, fig. 6A.

2010 Sphagnumsporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Pocock; Ding et al. p. 167, pl. 1, figs 1, 2.

2010 Stereisporites antiquasporites (Wilson & Webster) Dettmann; Olivera et al. p. 489, fig. 4.9.

2011 Stereisporites antiquasporites; Villanueva-Amadoz et al. p.150, fig. 8B.

Natural affinity: Bryophyta.

NZ age range: Triassic to Neogene.

Brief description: Spore. Cingulate. Trilete.


Cite this publication as: "J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy (2011). New Zealand fossil spores and pollen: an illustrated catalogue. 4th edition. GNS Science miscellaneous series no. 4. http://data.gns.cri.nz/sporepollen/index.htm".
© GNS Science, 2011
ISBN 978-0-478-19871-3
ISSN 1177-2441
(Available also in CD version from: Publications Officer, GNS Science, P.O. Box 30368 Lower Hutt, New Zealand)

DELTA Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993, 1999) should also be cited (see References).

Index