GNS Science NZ catalogue of fossil spores and pollen

New Zealand fossil spores and pollen:
An illustrated catalogue

J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy


Index

Introduction • Scope • Revision history

Classification and Key

Index to Descriptions

Citation • Acknowledgements • References

Search all or part of taxonomic name in this index page:

(case sensitive)  


Classification and Key

Taxa are arranged in an artificial morphographic system of suprageneric categories (turmae) devised originally by Potonié (1956-1970) and others, as adopted by Burger (1994). The following key summarises the main morphological characteristics of the classification. Only those turmae used in the New Zealand catalogue are listed. Spores and pollen united into multiple units (dyads, tetrads, polyads, etc.) are treated according to the morphology of a single component grain. Freshwater algae are listed at the end.

SPORES (monolete, trilete or hilate) Anteturma SPORITES
. . MonoleteTurma MONOLETES
. . . . spore wall without separated layers (acavate)Suprasubturma ACAVATOMONOLETES
. . . . . . spore wall not differentially thickenedSubturma AZONOMONOLETES
. . . . . . . . sculpture smoothInfraturma LAEVIGATOMONOLETI
. . . . . . . . sculpture apiculateInfraturma APICULATIMONOLETI
. . . . . . . . sculpture foveolate or reticulateInfraturma MURORNATIMONOLETI
. . . . spore wall with at least two unconnected layers (cavate)Suprasubturma PERINOMONOLETES
. . TrileteTurma TRILETES
. . . . spore wall without separated layers (acavate) Suprasubturma ACAVATITRILETES
. . . . . . spore wall not differentially thickenedSubturma AZONATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture smoothInfraturma LAEVIGATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture apiculateInfraturma APICULATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture of elongated elementsInfraturma MURORNATI
. . . . . . . . . . sculpture foveolate or reticulateSubinfraturma RETICULATI
. . . . . . . . . . sculpture of separate irregularly arranged rugulaeSubinfraturma RUGULATI
. . . . . . . . . . sculpture of parallel ridgesSubinfraturma STRIATITI
. . . . . . . . . . sculpture of concentric ridgesSubinfraturma ANNULATI
. . . . . . spore wall thickened in equatorial radial regions (angles) Subturma AURICULATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture smoothInfraturma LAEVIGATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture of elongated elementsInfraturma MURORNATI
. . . . . . spore wall thickened in each equatorial inter-radial regionSubturma TRICRASSATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture smoothInfraturma LAEVIGATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture apiculateInfraturma APICULATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture of elongated elementsInfraturma MURORNATI
. . . . . . spore wall thickened around whole equatorSubturma CINGULATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture smoothInfraturma LAEVIGATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture apiculateInfraturma APICULATI
. . . . . . . . sculpture of elongated elementsInfraturma MURORNATI
. . . . spore wall with clearly separated layers (cavate) Suprasubturma PERINOTRILETES
. . . . . . spore wall not differentially thickenedSubturma AZONOPEROTRILETES
. . . . . . spore wall thickened around whole equatorSubturma ZONOPEROTRILETES
. . HilateTurma HILATES
  
POLLEN (including, for convenience, alete spores) Anteturma POLLENITES
. . Sacci presentDivision SACCITES
. . . . a single encircling saccusSubdivision MONOSACCITES
. . . . . . corpus without apertureInfradivision INAPERTURATI
. . . . . . corpus with a monolete or trilete slit-like apertureInfradivision MONOLETI-TRILETI
. . . . . . corpus with a elongate thinning or sulcusInfradivision SULCATI
. . . . two sacciSubdivision DISACCITES
. . . . . . corpus with a trilete slit-like apertureInfradivision TRILETI
. . . . . . corpus with a elongate thinning or sulcusInfradivision SULCATI
. . . . . . corpus with numerous sub-parallel ridges (taeniae) Infradivision MURORNATI-COSTATI
. . . . three or more sacciSubdivision POLYSACCITES
. . Sacci absent 
. . . . apertures absentTurma ALETES-INAPERTURATES
. . . . . . pollen or spore wall without separated layersSuprasubturma ACAVATALETES
. . . . . . . . wall not differentially thickenedSubturma AZONALETES
. . . . . . . . . . sculpture smoothInfraturma LAEVIGATI
. . . . . . . . . . sculpture apiculateInfraturma APICULATI
. . . . . . . . . . sculpture of elongated elementsInfraturma MURORNATI
. . . . numerous subparallel ridges and intervening thinner areasTurma POLYPLICATES
. . . . apertures various (mostly angiosperm pollen) 
. . . . . . apertures elongate, without pores (colpi sensu lato)  
. . . . . . . . one simple colpusTurma MONOSULCATES
. . . . . . . . one branched colpusTurma TRICHOTOMOSULCITES
. . . . . . . . one equatorially-oriented encircling colpusTurma ZONO-ANNULICOLPATES
. . . . . . . . two colpiTurma DISULCITES-DICOLPATES
. . . . . . . . three colpiTurma TRICOLPATES
. . . . . . . . four or more colpi meridionally-arrangedTurma STEPHANOCOLPATES
. . . . . . . . four or more colpi arranged in global networkTurma POLYCOLPATES
. . . . . . apertures combined colpi and pores
. . . . . . . . apertures connected at polesTurma SYNCOLPORATES
. . . . . . . . apertures not connected at poles 
. . . . . . . . . . three colpi, each with a single poreTurma TRICOLPORATES
. . . . . . . . . . three colpi, each with more than one poreTurma TRICOLPIPOLYPORATES
. . . . . . . . . . four or more colpi meridionally-arrangedTurma STEPHANOCOLPORATES
. . . . . . apertures equidimensional (pores)  
. . . . . . . . one poreTurma MONOPORATES
. . . . . . . . two poresTurma DIPORATES
. . . . . . . . three poresTurma TRIPORATES
. . . . . . . . four or more pores equatorially-arrangedTurma STEPHANOPORATES
. . . . . . . . four or more pores globally arrangedTurma POLYPORATES
  
ALGAE 


Index to Descriptions


Cite this publication as: "J.I. Raine, D.C. Mildenhall, E.M. Kennedy (2011). New Zealand fossil spores and pollen: an illustrated catalogue. 4th edition. GNS Science miscellaneous series no. 4. http://data.gns.cri.nz/sporepollen/index.htm".
© GNS Science, 2011
ISBN 978-0-478-19871-3
ISSN 1177-2441
(Available also in CD version from: Publications Officer, GNS Science, P.O. Box 30368 Lower Hutt, New Zealand)

DELTA Dallwitz (1980) and Dallwitz, Paine and Zurcher (1993, 1999) should also be cited (see References).

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